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Nova Scotia Labour Market Statistics

This section provides information on Nova Scotia’s labour market trends covering employment, unemployment, wages, regions, industries, labour productivity, and demographics. Access labour market information and Nova Scotia's labour market statistics through the menu of topics on the left-hand side of this page.
 

Nova Scotia Labour Force Update October 2017

 

 Oct 2016

Sep 2017

Oct 2017

Oct'16 - Oct'17, % change (except rates)

Sep'17 - Oct'17 % change (except rates) 

Population

   789,700

   793,700

   794,400

0.6%

0.1%

Labour force

   482,500

  491,200

   490,200

1.6%

-0.2%

Employment

   445,400

  446,900

   447,600

0.5%

0.2%

   Employment full-time

   361,300

  361,400

   364,700

0.9%

0.9%

   Employment part-time

     84,200

   85,500

    82,900

-1.5%

 -3.0%

Unemployment

     37,100

    44,300

    42,600

 14.8%

-3.8%

Unemployment rate

7.7%

9.0%

8.7%

1.0

-0.3

Participation rate

61.1%

61.9%

61.7%

0.6

-0.2

Employment rate

56.4%

56.3%

56.3%

-0.1

0.0

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM 282-0087, Seasonally Adjusted, Both Sexes, Ages 15+
Notes: The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.

 

  • Nova Scotia’s labour force decreased by 1,000 -0.2%) from 491,200 in September to 490,200 in October. Compared to a year ago, the labour force increased by 7,700 (+1.7%).

    • In October, the labour force decreased for youth (15-24 years) by 1,400 and core-aged workers (25-54 years) by 800, while older workers (55 years and over) increased by 1,400.
  • Between September and October, employment increased by 700 (+0.2%) from 446,900 and the number of people who are unemployed decreased by 1,700 (-3.8%). Compared to a year ago, employment increased by 2,200 (+0.5%).

    • Compared to a year ago, full-time employment increased by 3,400 (+0.9%) while part-time employment decreased by 1,300 (-1.5%).    

    • Services sector employed 3,800 (+1.0%) more people compared to a year ago while employment in the goods sector decreased by 1,600 (-2.0%).

  • The unemployment rate was 8.7%, down by 0.3 points from September. The unemployment rate, year over year, was up by 1.0 points. Compared to a year ago, the 2,200 increase in employment failed to absorb the 7,700 increase in labour force, causing unemployment to increase by 5,500 in October 2017 compared to 12 months ago.

    • The unemployment increase compared to a year ago is mainly spurred by the gap between employment and labour force increase for youth (15-24 years). Youth employment increased by 800 (+1.4%) while the labour force for this group increased by 3,300 (+4.9%).

 

Nova Scotia Labour Force Annual Update

Labour Force Characteristic

Jan-Dec
2015

Jan-Dec
2016
% Change
Population 785,500 788,700 0.4%
Labour Force 490,200 486,600 -0.7%
Employment 448,100 446,200 -0.4%
     Employment full-time 368,200 363,700 -1.2%
     Employment part-time 79,900 82,500 3.3%
Unemployment 42,000 40,400 -3.8%
Unemployment Rate 8.6% 8.3% -0.3
Participation Rate 62.4% 61.7% -0.7
Employment Rate 57.0% 56.6% -0.4
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM 282-0002 Seasonally Adjusted, Both Sexes, Ages 15+
Note: The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.

 

  • In 2016 the labour force decreased by 3,600 (-0.7%) compared to 2015..
  • Overall employment decreased by 1,900 (-0.4%) as an increase of 2,600 (+3.3%) part-time jobs was not enough to offset a decrease of 4,500 (-1.2%) full-time jobs.
  • The unemployment rate decreased 0.3 points to 8.3% as the effect of a decreasing labour supply outweighed the decrease in employment.
  • There were 6,700 (+2.3%) more people who were not in the labour force in 2016 compared to 2015, resulting in the participation rate decreasing from 62.4% to 61.7%.
  • The proportion of the working age population that is employed decreased slightly by 0.4 points from 57.0% in 2015 to 56.6% in 2016.