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Nova Scotia Labour Market Statistics

This section provides information on Nova Scotia’s labour market trends covering employment, unemployment, wages, regions, industries, labour productivity, and demographics. Access labour market information and Nova Scotia's labour market statistics through the menu of topics on the left-hand side of this page.
 

Nova Scotia Labour Force Update June 2018

 

 Jun 2017

May 2018

Jun 2018

Jun'17 - Jun'18, % change (except rates)

May'18 - Jun'18 % change (except rates) 

Population

   792,000

   797,500

   797,900

0.7%

0.1%

Labour force

   491,300

  489,500

   491,100

0.0%

0.3%

Employment

   447,700

  454,100

   452,400

1.0%

-0.4%

   Employment full-time

   364,900

  374,300

   372,800

2.2%

-0.4%

   Employment part-time

     82,900

   79,800

    79,500

-4.1%

 -0.4%

Unemployment

     43,500

    35,400

    38,800

 -10.8%

9.6%

Unemployment rate

8.9%

7.2 %

7.9%

-1.0

0.7

Participation rate

62.0%

61.4%

61.5%

-0.5

0.1

Employment rate

56.5%

56.9%

56.7%

0.2

-0.2

Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM 282-0087, Seasonally Adjusted, Both Sexes, Ages 15+
Notes: The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.

 

  • Nova Scotia’s labour force increased by 1600 (+0.3%) from 489,500 to 491,100 in June compared to last month. Compared to a year ago, the labour force decreased marginally by 200.

    • In the past twelve months, both youth (aged 15-24 years) and core-aged workers (aged 25-54 years) experienced shrinking labour force by 1,500 (-2.1%) and 1,400 (-0.5%). This was mostly offset by the 2,900 (+2.6%) expansion of older workers (aged 55 years and over) in the labour force. 
  • In the last month, employment decreased by 1,700 (-0.4%) to 452,400. The combination of expanding labour force and shrinking employment leads to the 3,400 (+9.6%) increase in unemployment. Compared to a year ago, employment increased by 4,700 (+1.0%).

    • Core-aged and older workers experienced employment expansion of 2,500 (+0.9%) and 2,200 (+2.1%) respectively in the last twelve months. The youth employment, however, decreased by 100 (-0.2%).
       
    • Compared to a year ago, full-time employment increased by 7,900 (+2.2%) which was partially offset by the 3,400 (-4.1%) decrease in part-time employment.
       
    • The sectoral decomposition showed that both goods sector and service sector experienced employment expansion by 300 (+0.4%) and 4,400 (+1.2%) respectively in the last year.
  • The unemployment rate was 7.9%, up by 0.7 percentage points from May. Compared to a year ago, as employment expanded by 4,700 (+1.0%) while labour force remained virtually the same, the number of unemployed workers decreased by 4,700 (-10.8%) to 38,800 in June.

Nova Scotia Labour Force Annual Update

Labour Force Characteristic

Jan-Dec
2016

Jan-Dec
2017
% Change
Population 788,700 792,500 0.5%
Labour Force 486,600 490,100 0.7%
Employment 446,200 449,000 0.6%
     Employment full-time 363,700 364,100 0.1%
     Employment part-time 82,500 84,900 2.9%
Unemployment 40,400 41,000 1.5%
Unemployment Rate 8.3% 8.4% 0.1
Participation Rate 61.7% 61.8% 0.1
Employment Rate 56.6% 56.7% 0.1
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, CANSIM 282-0002 Seasonally Adjusted, Both Sexes, Ages 15+
Note: The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.

 

  • In 2017, Nova Scotia’s labour force increased by 3,500 (+0.7%) compared to 2016.
  • Overall employment increased by 2,800 (+0.6%), mainly spurred by the 2,400 (+2.9%) increase in the part-time employment.
  • Unemployment increased by 600 (+1.5%) as the labour market was not able to fully absorb the increase in the labour supply. As a result, the unemployment rate rose from 8.3% in 2016 to 8.4% in 2017.
  • Youth (aged 15-24), core-aged workers (aged 25-54) and older workers (aged 55 and over) became more active in the labour market compared to a year ago. However, their impact on the participation rate is mostly offset by the aging labour force where older workers have a lower participation rate. As a result, the participation rate increased marginally by 0.1 point.
  • The proportion of the working age population that is employed increased slightly by 0.1 points from 56.6% in 2016 to 56.7% in 2017.