careers.novascotia.ca

Land Surveyors

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NOC:2154
Occupation:Land Surveyors
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

Land surveyors plan, direct and conduct legal surveys to establish the location of real property boundaries, contours and other natural or human-made features, and prepare and maintain cross-sectional drawings, official plans, records and documents pertaining to these surveys. They are employed by federal, provincial and municipal governments, private sector land surveying establishments, real estate development, natural resource, engineering and construction firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
Land surveyors perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Develop survey plans, methods and procedures for conducting legal surveys.
  • Plan, direct and supervise or conduct surveys to establish and mark legal boundaries of properties, parcels of lands, provincial and Canada Lands, Aboriginal land claims, wellsites, mining claims, utility rights-of-way, roadways and highways.
  • Survey and lay out subdivisions for rural and urban development.
  • Determine precise locations using electronic distance measuring equipment and global positioning systems (GPS).
  • Analyze, manage and display data using geographic information systems (GIS) and computer-aided design and drafting (CAD).
  • Record all measurements and other information obtained during survey activities.
  • Prepare or supervise the preparation and compilation of all data, plans, charts, records and documents related to surveys of real property boundaries.
  • Certify and assume liability for surveys made to establish real property boundaries.
  • Advise, provide consultation and testify as an expert witness on matters related to legal surveys.
Sample job titles:
  • Canada lands surveyor
  • land survey supervisor
  • land surveyor
  • legal surveyor
  • pipeline surveyor
  • property surveyor
  • provincial land surveyor
Skills:

For this type of work, you should be physically fit and enjoy working outdoors. Good health and eyesight are necessary. You must be capable of precise and detailed work, and be able to perform mathematical calculations quickly. Strong technical abilities in the use of new and emerging technologies and an aptitude for mathematics and physics at the high school level are important. A high level of communication skills is essential. You must be able to communicate both verbally and in written form on technical, legal, and business issues.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's degree in geomatics engineering or survey engineering or a college diploma in survey science or geomatics technology with additional academic credits and successful completion of equivalent examinations set by a regional board of examiners for land surveyors is required.
  • A one- to three-year articling period is required.
  • Successful completion of professional land surveyor examinations is required.
  • A federal or provincial land surveyor's licence is required.
  • Federal statutes require a separate licence from the Association of Canada Land Surveyors to survey areas such as national parks, Aboriginal lands, offshore areas and northern territories.
Other considerations:

Work in these jobs is seasonal, with unemployment highest in the winter months. Surveyors usually work regular hours; however, they often work longer hours during the summer in order to meet their clients' deadlines.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Land Surveyors most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 67% of Land Surveyors who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $56,148. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Land Surveyors210Moderate growth20Moderate
Minimum: $22.50
Median: $32.00
Maximum: $40.87
Minimum: $7,871
Median: $48,880
Maximum: $105,036
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Land SurveyorsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time89%94%
Percent self-employed8%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentLand SurveyorsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern6%x12%$30,581
Northern26%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton19%N/A13%$32,974
Halifax33%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley17%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeLand SurveyorsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-24xx
25-3421%14%
35-4427%33%
45-5415%32%
55-6424%18%
65+10%4%
Median Age4843
GenderLand SurveyorsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female0%20%
Male100%80%
EducationLand SurveyorsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax0.7%$28,107
High school5.7%x12.1%$35,125
Trades certificate7.5%x6.8%$54,923
College certificate or diploma54.7%x33.7%$52,476
University certificate or diploma5.7%x3.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree26.4%$60,40429.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diploma3.8%x2.0%$54,917
Master's degreeN/A$69,6539.7%$37,706
DoctorateN/Ax1.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Canada Lands Surveyor
Not Provincially Regulated:This job may be regulated by a federal regulatory body.
Regulating body:
Association of Canada Lands Surveyors
900 Dynes Road, Sute 100E
Ottawa, ON K2C 3L6
(613) 723-9200
(613) 723-5558
Land Surveyor
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Association of Nova Scotia Land Surveyors
325A Prince Albert Road
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 1N5
(902) 469-7962
(902) 469-7963
ansls@accesswave.ca
Useful contacts:
Professional Surveyors Canada
900 Dynes Road, Suite 101B
Ottawa, ON K2C 3L6
Tel: (613) 695-8333
Nova Scotia Construction Sector Council
10 Ragged Lake Blvd. Unit 1
Halifax, NS B3S 1C2
Tel: (902) 832-4761
Fax: (902) 832-4763
info@nscsc.ca
Canadian Institute of Geomatics
900 Dynes Road, Suite 100D
Ottawa, ON K2C 3L6
Tel: (613) 224-9851
Fax: (613) 224-9577
admincig@magma.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Cartography
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the systematic study of mapmaking and the application of mathematical, computer, and other techniques to the science of mapping geographic information. These programs include courses in cartographic theory and map projections, computer-assisted cartography, map design and layout, photogrammetry, air photo interpretation, remote sensing, cartographic editing, and applications to specific industrial, commercial, research, and governmental mapping problems.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Geography
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the systematic study of the spatial distribution and interrelationships of people, natural resources, plant and animal life. These programs include courses in historical and political geography, cultural geography, economic and physical geography, regional science, cartographic methods, remote sensing, spatial analysis, and applications to areas such as land-use planning, development studies, and analyses of specific countries, regions, and resources.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Surveying technology/surveying
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the delineation, determination, planning and positioning of land tracts, land and water boundaries, land contours and features; and the preparation of related maps, charts and reports. These programs include courses in applied geodesy, computer graphics, photointerpretation, plane and geodetic surveying, mensuration, traversing, survey equipment operation and maintenance, instrument calibration, and basic cartography.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Additional resources: