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Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators

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NOC:0422
Occupation:Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators
Category:Management

About the job

Nature of work:

School principals plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the activities of teachers and other staff of an elementary or secondary school. They are employed by public and private schools. Administrators of elementary and secondary education plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the academic affairs of a school system. They are employed by school boards.

Job duties:
School principals perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through department heads or supervisors, the activities of teachers and support staff.
  • Review programs to ensure conformance to school board or provincial standards and develop programs within limits of authority.
  • Coordinate teaching activities of the institution by making personnel assignments, determining class size and preparing timetables.
  • Organize and maintain procedures for the keeping of records.
  • Prepare and administer institution or program budget.
  • Direct and coordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities.
  • May recruit and hire teachers and other staff.
  • May teach.
Administrators of elementary and secondary education perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate, through school principals, the academic affairs of a school district.
  • Evaluate curriculum, teaching methods and community participation in programs for a school district and revise programs as required.
  • Develop and administer programs for the education and training of students and adults.
  • Make recommendations concerning the annual operating budget of a school district.
  • Direct or supervise the recruitment, appointment, training, evaluation and promotion of teaching personnel.
Sample job titles:
  • assistant school district superintendent
  • board of education administrator
  • chief superintendent - schools
  • headmaster/mistress - private school
  • principal
  • school board administrator
  • school district superintendent
  • school principal
  • school vice-principal
Skills:

To work in these fields, you need determination, confidence, and good managerial skills. You must have the ability to organize, negotiate, motivate, and communicate. You must be able to work well under pressure and make difficult decisions quickly. Good judgement and leadership skills are essential. You should also be capable of cooperating and collaborating with others.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's degree in education is required.
  • A master's degree in education may be required.
  • A teacher's certificate for the province of employment is required.
  • School principals may require a principal's certificate.
  • Administrators of elementary and secondary education may require a supervisory officer certificate.
Other considerations:

Several years of experience as a senior teacher or department head are required. There is little mobility between institutional settings, for example, between elementary and secondary schools.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 77% of Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $94,401. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Elementary and Secondary School Principals and Administrators825decline70Low
Minimum: $31.43
Median: $44.23
Maximum: $53.85
Minimum: $38,882
Median: $93,445
Maximum: $109,391
Occupations in Management44,250Decline2,775Low
Minimum: $15.77
Median: $34.97
Maximum: $57.69
Minimum: $10,632
Median: $55,002
Maximum: $124,014
Elementary and Secondary School Principals and AdministratorsCompared to: Occupations in Management
Percent employed full-time94%93%
Percent self-employed0%19%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentElementary and Secondary School Principals and AdministratorsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern7%$83,98212%$30,581
Northern20%$81,81816%$33,660
Cape Breton16%$78,99913%$32,974
Halifax44%$87,80847%$41,209
Annapolis Valley13%$77,35013%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeElementary and Secondary School Principals and AdministratorsCompared to: All Management
% Employed% Employed
15-24x2%
25-344%13%
35-4423%24%
45-5456%32%
55-6415%23%
65+x6%
Median Age4949
GenderElementary and Secondary School Principals and AdministratorsCompared to: Occupations in Management
% Employed% Employed
Female54%41%
Male46%59%
EducationElementary and Secondary School Principals and AdministratorsCompared to: All Management
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolxx6.2%$30,033
High schoolx$48,91923.5%$37,496
Trades certificatexx7.0%$41,701
College certificate or diploma1.7%$62,32020.6%$45,432
University certificate or diplomaxx3.0%$59,985
Bachelor's degree12.4%$65,48627.7%$66,107
University advanced certificate or diploma1.7%x1.9%$74,902
Master's degreex$86,2499.2%$81,234
Doctorate80.2%$154,1130.8%$83,359
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry2.3%x0.1%$79,443
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Canadian Institute of Management - Maritimes
PO Box 463
Port Williams, NS B0P 1T0
Tel: (902) 670-0746 
Info@MaritimeCIM.com

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Curriculum and instruction
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the curriculum and related instructional processes and tools, and that prepares individuals to serve as professional curriculum specialists. These programs include courses in curriculum theory, curriculum design and planning, instructional material design and evaluation, curriculum evaluation, and applications to specific subject matter, programs or educational levels.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Educational leadership and administration - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the general principles and techniques of administering a wide variety of schools and other educational organizations and facilities, supervising educational personnel at the school or staff level, and that prepares individuals as general administrators and supervisors.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Program Name:Elementary education and teaching
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the elementary grades, which may include kindergarten through grade eight, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. Includes preparation to teach all elementary education subject matter.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Secondary education and teaching
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the secondary grades, which may include grades seven through twelve, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. May include preparation to teach a comprehensive curriculum or specific subject matter.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Special education and teaching - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the design and provision of teaching and other educational services to children or adults with special learning needs or disabilities, and that prepares individuals to function as special education teachers. These programs include courses in diagnosing learning disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising special education students, special education counselling, and applicable laws and policies.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Additional resources: