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Conservation and Fishery Officers

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NOC:2224
Occupation:Conservation and Fisheries Officers
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

This group includes conservation and fishery officers, inspectors and observers who enforce federal and provincial regulations established for the protection of fish, wildlife and other natural resources and collect and relay information on resource management. They are employed by federal and provincial government departments.

Job duties:
Conservation and fishery officers, inspectors and observers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Generate public awareness of fish and wildlife conservation and regulations.
  • Conduct patrols by truck, aircraft, boat, or on foot, to ensure compliance with the provincial and federal statutes relating to fish, wildlife and the environment.
  • Investigate complaints, arrest violators, prepare briefs, and present evidence in court.
  • Issue licences, export documents and special permits and collect royalties assessed on fish, wildlife and timber resources.
  • Implement and supervise approved techniques in preventing or overcoming damage caused by wildlife.
  • Perform resource protection duties, such as inspecting fishing gear and equipment and monitoring fishing activities for compliance with regulations.
  • Gather resource data by making inventories of fish, collecting water samples and assisting biologists in scientific research.
  • Supervise or provide firearms safety training courses and trapper education courses.
Sample job titles:
  • conservation officer
  • fish and game warden
  • fisheries inspector
  • fisheries officer
  • forest ranger - wildlife management
  • game officer
  • game warden
  • natural resources officer
  • park ranger
Skills:

Strong oral and written communication skills are needed to prepare briefs and present evidence in court and in speaking to the public. You need to be methodical in investigating complaints and compiling field and resource data. Explaining regulations and confronting or arresting violators requires confidence and the ability to be assertive. You may be required to provide or supervise safety training courses and must be able to operate vehicles such as trucks, aircraft, or boats.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of a college program in renewable resources management, environmental conservation or a related discipline is usually required.
  • On-the-job training and courses related to law enforcement and resource management are provided.
  • A class-5 driver's licence, pesticide applicator's licence and explosives licence may be required.
Other considerations:

Resource conservation and environmental concerns may help to generate job opportunities for people in these jobs. People in these jobs usually work regular hours; however, irregular hours may be required to follow through on an experiment or fieldwork. Progression to senior and supervisory positions is possible with experience.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Undetermined

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Conservation and Fisheries Officers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 62% of Conservation and Fisheries Officers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $71,535. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Conservation and Fishery Officers285xxx
Minimum: $16.25
Median: $30.00
Maximum: $38.94
Minimum: $10,650
Median: $67,895
Maximum: $82,625
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Conservation and Fishery OfficersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time89%94%
Percent self-employed8%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentConservation and Fishery OfficersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern30%$54,60412%$30,581
Northern15%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton24%$54,61913%$32,974
Halifax25%$57,37247%$41,209
Annapolis Valley6%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeConservation and Fishery OfficersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-244%x
25-3416%14%
35-4422%33%
45-5424%32%
55-6431%18%
65+5%4%
Median Age4943
GenderConservation and Fishery OfficersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female24%20%
Male76%80%
EducationConservation and Fishery OfficersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax0.7%$28,107
High school21.2%x12.1%$35,125
Trades certificate3.0%x6.8%$54,923
College certificate or diploma42.4%$52,17733.7%$52,476
University certificate or diploma3.0%x3.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree21.2%x29.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax2.0%$54,917
Master's degreeN/Ax9.7%$37,706
Doctorate6.1%x1.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry3.0%x0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Communications Branch
PO Box 1035
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4T3
Tel: (902) 426-3550
info@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Maritime College of Forest Technology
1350 Regent Street
Fredericton, NB E3C 2G6
Tel: (866) 619-9900
Fax: (506) 458-0679
info@mcft.nb.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Environmental engineering technology/environmental technology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of engineers and other professionals engaged in developing and using indoor and outdoor environmental pollution control systems. These programs include courses in environmental safety principles, testing and sampling procedures, laboratory techniques, instrumentation calibration, safety and protection procedures, equipment maintenance, and report preparation.
See all institutions providing this program+
Maritime Environmental Training Institute
301 Alexandra Street
Sydney, NS B1S 2E8
(902) 539-9766
training@metiatlantic.com
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute
80 Mawiomi Place
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5
(902) 491-1100
waterfront.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Environmental science
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of the physical environment and the solution of environmental problems, including subjects such as abating or controlling environmental pollution and degradation; the interaction between human society and the natural environment; and natural resources management. These programs include courses in biology, chemistry, physics, geosciences, climatology, statistics, and mathematical modelling.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Environmental studies
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on environment-related issues using scientific, social scientific, and/or humanistic approaches. These programs include courses in the basic principles of ecology and environmental science and related subjects such as policy, politics, law, economics, social aspects, planning, pollution control, natural resources, and the interactions of human beings and nature.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Fishing and fisheries sciences and management
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific study of the husbandry and production of non-domesticated fish and shellfish populations for recreational and commercial purposes and the management of fishing and marine/aquatic product processing to ensure adequate conservation and efficient utilization. These programs include courses in the principles of marine/aquatic biology, freshwater and saltwater ecosystems, water resources, fishing production operations and management, fishing policy and regulation, and the management of recreational and commercial fishing activities.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus
PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road
Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0
(902) 875-8640
shelburne.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Land use planning and management/development
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on how public and/or private land and associated resources can be preserved, developed, and used for maximum social, economic, and environmental benefit. These programs include courses in natural resources management, natural resource economics, public policy, regional and land use planning, environmental impact assessment, applicable laws and regulations, government and politics, principles of business and real estate land use, statistical and analytical tools, computer applications, mapping and report preparation, site analysis, cost analysis, and communications skills.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Natural resources management and policy - General
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to plan, develop, manage, and evaluate programs to protect and regulate natural habitats and renewable natural resources. These programs include courses in the principles of wildlife and conservation biology, environmental science, animal population surveying, natural resource economics, management techniques for various habitats, applicable law and policy, administrative and communications skills, and public relations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Water, wetlands and marine resources management
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of marine/aquatic biology, oceanography, natural resource economics, and natural resources management to the development, conservation, and management of freshwater and saltwater environments. These programs include courses in subjects such as wetlands, riverine, lacustrian, coastal, and oceanic water resources; water conservation and use; flood control; pollution control; water supply logistics; wastewater management; aquatic and marine ecology; aquatic and marine life conservation; and the economic and recreational uses of water resources.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.