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Landscape and Horticulture Technicians and Specialists

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NOC:2225
Occupation:Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Specialists
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

This group includes those who survey and assess landscapes; draw sketches and build models of landscape designs; construct and maintain gardens, parks, golf courses and other landscaped environments; advise clients on issues related to horticulture such as irrigation; breed, cultivate and study plants; and treat injured and diseased trees and plants. They are employed by landscape designers and contractors, lawn service and tree care establishments, golf courses, nurseries and greenhouses, and municipal, provincial and national parks, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
The following is a summary of the main duties for some jobs in this group:
  • Arborists and tree service technicians examine trees and shrubs to diagnose problems and disease, and apply various treatments such as pruning, spraying, repairing damaged areas and injecting with treatment solutions.
  • Golf course superintendents direct crews who maintain the health and appearance of golf courses and their surrounding landscapes, plant and move trees, and apply fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides.
  • Horticulturists plan and coordinate the growth and use of plants for landscaping, ornamental uses and other purposes.
  • Landscape designers and landscape architectural technicians and technologists survey and assess sites, prepare drawings, sketches and reports and perform other duties to assist landscape architects in designing landscaped environments.
  • Landscape gardeners plant and maintain private and public lawns and gardens.
  • Landscapers plan and construct landscaped environments, which may include trees, shrubberies, lawns, fences, decks, patios and other landscape structures.
  • Lawn care specialists visit clients, assess the health of lawns, and apply fertilizer, pesticides and other lawn care products.
Sample job titles:
  • arborist
  • greenskeeper
  • horticulture technician
  • horticulture technologist
  • horticulturist
  • hydroponics technician
  • irrigation technician (except agriculture)
  • landscape architectural technologist
  • landscape horticulturalist
  • lawn care specialist
Skills:

For these jobs, you should enjoy technical work and have an interest in science. A high degree of manual dexterity and mechanical ability may be necessary. You must be able to work alone or as part of a team. Good communication skills are important. Physical stamina may be required for landscaping and gardening. Some jobs may require working with dangerous chemical substances or exposure to unpleasant odours.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of a university or college program in agronomy, arboriculture, horticulture, landscaping, landscape design or landscape technology is usually required.
  • An apprenticeship program is available for horticulturists, arboriculturists and landscape gardeners.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is available to qualified workers and allows for interprovincial mobility.
  • A provincial licence to apply chemical fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides may be required.
Other considerations:

Experience as a landscape and grounds maintenance labourer may be required for golf course superintendents, landscape gardeners and landscapers. Certification as a landscape horticulturalist is available in Nova Scotia.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Specialists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 30% of Landscape and Horticultural Technicians and Specialists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $56,278. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Landscape and Horticulture Technicians and Specialists355Moderate growth25High
Minimum: $14.00
Median: $19.00
Maximum: $29.00
Minimum: $4,292
Median: $21,117
Maximum: $65,654
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Landscape and Horticulture Technicians and SpecialistsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time80%94%
Percent self-employed4%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentLandscape and Horticulture Technicians and SpecialistsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern12%x12%$30,581
Northern19%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton9%x13%$32,974
Halifax41%$30,65147%$41,209
Annapolis Valley16%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeLandscape and Horticulture Technicians and SpecialistsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-248%x
25-3425%14%
35-448%33%
45-5421%32%
55-6429%18%
65+8%4%
Median Age4543
GenderLandscape and Horticulture Technicians and SpecialistsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female33%20%
Male67%80%
EducationLandscape and Horticulture Technicians and SpecialistsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school2.6%x0.7%$28,107
High school23.1%$40,05712.1%$35,125
Trades certificate11.5%x6.8%$54,923
College certificate or diploma25.6%$71,45933.7%$52,476
University certificate or diploma10.3%x3.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree23.1%$61,11029.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax2.0%$54,917
Master's degreeN/Ax9.7%$37,706
Doctorate3.8%x1.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Landscape Horticulturist
Certificate of Qualification (Voluntary):This job is a designated trade in Nova Scotia. Employers may require certification, however, a certificate is not needed to legally work in this job.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
(902) 424-0717
apprenticeship@novascotia.ca
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Department of Environment
PO Box 442
Halifax, NS B3J 2P8
Tel: (902) 424-3600
Fax: (902) 424-0503
Landscape Nova Scotia
44-201 Brownlow Avenue
Dartmouth, NS B3B 1W2
Tel: (902) 463-0519
info@landscapenovascotia.ca
Horticulture Nova Scotia
Kentville Agricultural Centre 32 Main Street
Kentville, NS B4N 1J5
Tel: (902) 678-9335
Fax: (902) 678-1280
info@horticulturens.ca
Red Seal
c/o Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency PO Box 578
Halifax, B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-5651
Fax: (902) 424-0717

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Applied horticulture/horticulture operations - General
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the general production and processing of domesticated plants, shrubs, flowers, foliage, trees, groundcovers, and related plant materials; the management of technical and business operations connected with horticultural services; and the basic scientific principles needed to understand plants and their management and care.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Horticultural science
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific principles related to the cultivation of garden and ornamental plants, including fruits, vegetables, flowers, and landscape and nursery crops. These programs include courses in specific types of plants, such as citrus; breeding horticultural varieties; physiology of horticultural species; and the scientific management of horticultural plant development and production through the life cycle.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Apprenticeship Training
Department of Labour and Advanced Education 2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
Program Name:Landscaping and groundskeeping
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to manage and maintain indoor and/or outdoor ornamental and recreational plants and groundcovers and related conceptual designs established by landscape architects, interior designers, enterprise owners or managers, and individual clients. These programs include courses in applicable principles of horticulture, gardening, plant and soil irrigation and nutrition, turf maintenance, plant maintenance, equipment operation and maintenance, personnel supervision, and purchasing.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Plant nursery operations and management
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to operate and manage outdoor plant farms, tree and shrub nurseries, and related facilities that develop domesticated plant products for propagation, harvesting, and transplantation. These programs include courses in applicable principles of plant science; farm and business management; nursery operations; equipment operation and maintenance; safety procedures; and personnel supervision.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Specialized sales, merchandising and marketing operations - Other
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program not listed above that relates to Specialized Sales, Merchandising and Marketing Operations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Additional resources: