careers.novascotia.ca

Dentists

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NOC:3113
Occupation:Dentists
Category:Health

About the job

Nature of work:

Dentists examine, assess, diagnose, prevent, and treat disorders of the teeth and tissues of the mouth. They work in private practice or may be employed in hospitals, clinics, public health facilities or universities.

Job duties:
Dentists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Examine patients' teeth, gums and surrounding tissue to diagnose disease, injury and decay and plan appropriate treatment.
  • Restore, extract and replace diseased and decayed teeth.
  • Perform oral surgery, periodontal surgery and other treatments.
  • Clean teeth and instruct patients on oral hygiene.
  • Design bridgework, fit dentures and provide appliances to correct abnormal positioning of the teeth and jaws, or write fabrication instructions or prescriptions for use by denturists and dental technicians.
  • Supervise dental hygienists, dental assistants and other staff.

Dentists may specialize in such areas as oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, endodontics, prosthodontics, oral pathology, oral radiology or public health dentistry.

Sample job titles:
  • dental specialist
  • dentist
  • oral and dental surgeon
  • oral and maxillofacial surgeon
  • oral medicine specialist
  • oral pathologist
  • oral radiologist
  • oral surgeon
  • orthodontist
  • periodontist
Skills:

To work in this field, you should be able to work carefully with your hands and have an aptitude for precise and accurate work. You should be able to work with mirror images. A reassuring manner is needed to help patients feel relaxed. You must be comfortable working with instruments and apparatus. Basic skills in operating a business are important. Artistic ability may also be helpful. You must be willing to continually update your knowledge and skills.

Job requirements:
  • One to four years of pre-dentistry university studies and a university degree from a recognized dental program are required.
  • Licensing by a provincial or territorial regulatory body is required.
  • Dentists in general practice can move into a specialized practice through advanced training.
  • Licensing for specializations is required.
Other considerations:

Most dentists are self-employed and operate their own practices. Certification by the National Dental Examining Board of Canada entitles dentists or graduates of approved dental programs to practice dentistry in any province in Canada provided requirements set out by the provincial and territorial licensing authorities are met.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia, with employment around 450. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow slightly over the next few years, which should provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Dentists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common. Also, a large percentage of the workforce is self-employed which should be an important consideration for those thinking about employment in the occupation.

The median employment income for 43% of Dentists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $109,666. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Dentists540Weak growth50Low
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum: $16,695
Median: $92,474
Maximum: $182,150
Occupations in Health36,515Strong growth4,385Low
Minimum: $16.38
Median: $25.50
Maximum: $41.00
Minimum: $10,740
Median: $43,853
Maximum: $88,944
DentistsCompared to: Occupations in Health
Percent employed full-time89%77%
Percent self-employed69%10%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentDentistsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern5%x12%$30,581
Northern12%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton10%x13%$32,974
Halifax68%$110,02747%$41,209
Annapolis Valley5%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeDentistsCompared to: All Health
% Employed% Employed
15-24x1%
25-3419%15%
35-4430%28%
45-5426%31%
55-6414%20%
65+9%5%
Median Age5044
GenderDentistsCompared to: Occupations in Health
% Employed% Employed
Female37%84%
Male63%16%
EducationDentistsCompared to: All Health
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolxx1.1%$27,581
High schoolxx6.9%$24,119
Trades certificatexx5.0%$31,728
College certificate or diplomaxx39.4%$36,693
University certificate or diplomaxx4.8%$50,769
Bachelor's degreexx27.6%$57,186
University advanced certificate or diplomaxx2.3%$61,833
Master's degree85.7%$88,4815.1%$87,808
Doctorate11.0%$78,4970.7%$70,843
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry2.2%$80,7607.2%$83,000
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Dental Specialist
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Provincial Dental Board of Nova Scotia
1559 Brunswick Street, Suite 102
Halifax, NS B3J 2G1
(902) 420-0083
(902) 492-0301
admin@pdbns.ca
Dentist
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Provincial Dental Board of Nova Scotia
1559 Brunswick Street, Suite 102
Halifax, NS B3J 2G1
(902) 420-0083
(902) 492-0301
admin@pdbns.ca
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Dental Association
Suite 101, 1559 Brunswick Street
Halifax, NS B3J 2G1
Tel: (902) 420-0088
Fax: (902) 423-6537
nsda@eastlink.ca
Canadian Dental Association
1815 Alta Vista Drive
Ottawa, ON K1G 3Y6
Tel: (613) 523-1770
reception@cda-adc.ca
Health Care Human Resource Sector Council
380 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2L4
Tel: (902) 461-0871
Fax: (902) 461-9572
info@hcsc.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Dentistry (DDS, DMD)
Education Level:This program is typically offered by a university school of medicine.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of dentistry/dental medicine, encompassing the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area, and adjacent structures and their impact on the human body and health. These programs include courses in the basic biomedical sciences; occlusion; dental health and prevention; oral pathology; cariology; operative dentistry; oral radiology; principles of the various dental specialties; pain management; oral medicine; clinic and health care management; patient counselling; and professional standards and ethics.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Oral/maxillofacial surgery (Cert., MSc, PhD)
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university graduate level (Masters, PhD)
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the advanced study of the diagnosis and intrusive and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial regions, including functional and aesthetic aspects. These programs include courses in pharmacology, analgesia, anesthesia, anxiety control, surgical procedures and techniques, surgical instrumentation, exodontia, oral diseases and malfunctions, soft and hard tissue pathology, dentoalveolar surgery, infection management, and prosthetic implantation.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Periodontics/periodontology (Cert., MSc, PhD)
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university graduate level (Masters, PhD)
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the advanced study of the etiology and treatment of diseases of the gingivae (gum tissue) and supporting bone, nerve, and vascular structures. These programs include courses in periodontium pathology, diagnostic procedures and equipment, occlusion, nutritional aspects of periodontology, surgical treatments, and patient care and management.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Prosthodontics/prosthodontology (Cert., MSc, PhD)
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university graduate level (Masters, PhD)
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the advanced study of the restoration and maintenance of teeth, oral function, and aesthetic form through the use of single or compound materials, structures, and artificial devices. These programs include courses in implant dentistry, surgical procedures, denture design and fabrication, fixed and removable prosthodontics, restorative techniques, occlusion therapy and devices, geriatric dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, and temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Additional resources: