Other Professionals in Health Diagnosing and Treating

Occupation:Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Professionals

About the job

Nature of work:

These jobs include health professionals who diagnose and treat the diseases and injuries of patients and who are not elsewhere classified. This includes doctors of podiatric medicine, chiropodists and podiatrists, naturopaths, orthoptists and doctors of osteopathic medicine. They work in private practices, clinics and hospitals.

Job duties:
The following is a summary of the main duties for some jobs in this group:
  • Doctors of podiatric medicine are primary care practitioners who diagnose diseases, deformities and injuries of the human foot and communicate diagnoses to patients. They treat patients using braces, casts, shields, orthotic devices, physical therapy, or prescribed medications. Doctors of podiatric medicine may also perform surgery on the bones of the forefoot and the subcutaneous soft tissues of the foot.
  • Chiropodists and diploma or first-degree trained podiatrists diagnose diseases, deformities and injuries of the human foot and treat patients using braces, casts, shields, orthotic devices, physical therapy and subcutaneous soft-tissue foot surgery.
  • Naturopaths diagnose patients' diseases and disorders and employ natural methods of healing such as acupuncture and acupressure, spinal manipulation, reflexology, hydrotherapy, herbal medicines, biochemical therapy, clinical nutrition, homeopathy and counselling in their treatment.
  • Orthoptists work alongside ophthalmologists in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders by performing specialized eye tests to measure and assess defective binocular vision or abnormal eye movement in patients and prescribing treatment such as eye exercises or patching regimens.
  • Osteopaths or osteopathic physicians diagnose disorders and injuries of the musculo-skeletal, circulatory and nervous systems and treat patients with manipulative therapy, medications or surgery.
Sample job titles:
  • chiropodist
  • doctor of osteopathy
  • doctor of podiatric medicine (D.P.M.)
  • foot specialist
  • naturopath
  • naturopathic doctor (ND)
  • orthoptist
  • osteopath
  • osteopathic doctor
  • podiatrist

To work in these fields, you should be interested in the health and well-being of others. An interest in science is also important. You must be patient, tolerant, and sensitive to the needs of others. Good coordination and manual dexterity are necessary. Physical stamina may be needed as well. You should like children if you are considering a career as an Orthoptist.

Job requirements:
  • Doctors of podiatric medicine (D.P.M): a four-year doctoral degree program in podiatric medicine, available in the United States and in Quebec, normally following completion of a bachelor's degree program, is required.
  • Chiropodists and podiatrists: a three-year diploma program in chiropody (DCh) obtained in Canada or a first-degree program in podiatric medicine (D.Pod.M.) obtained abroad (United Kingdom) is usually required.
  • Naturopaths: a university degree in pre-medical science is required. Completion of a university program in naturopathic medicine, obtained abroad or a four-year program in naturopathic medicine from a private institute is required.
  • Orthoptists: a bachelor's degree and completion of a two-year accredited training program in orthoptics are required. Certification with the Canadian Orthoptic Council is required. Continuing education is required for recertification with the Canadian Orthoptic Council.
  • Osteopaths: a bachelor's degree is required for admission to a doctor of osteopathy program. A four-year program in osteopathic medicine leading to a doctor of osteopathy degree and a one-year medical residency are required. These qualifications are usually obtained in the United States.
Other considerations:

With the exception of training for orthoptists, there are currently no training programs available in Nova Scotia for the jobs in this occupational group. Chiropodist and podiatrist titles are used interchangeably in some provinces, although the title podiatrist is becoming more common. The use of the podiatrist job title does not necessarily refer to doctors of podiatric medicine (D.P.M.). Orthoptists often work as part of a medical team which includes ophthalmologists, opticians and other ophthalmic medical personnel. Orthoptists may also be trained as ophthalmic technicians or technologists. Osteopaths may obtain a licence as general practitioners.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Good

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “good”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is better than average when compared to other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. However, competition for positions may be low due to few qualified jobseekers. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Professionals may either be working full-time or part-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 48% of Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Professionals who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $47,309. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Other Professionals in Health Diagnosing and Treating130Moderate growth15Low
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum:  N/A
Median: $44,444
Maximum:  N/A
Occupations in Health36,515Strong growth4,385Low
Minimum: $16.38
Median: $25.50
Maximum: $41.00
Minimum: $10,740
Median: $43,853
Maximum: $88,944
Other Professionals in Health Diagnosing and TreatingCompared to: Occupations in Health
Percent employed full-time70%77%
Percent self-employed10%10%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentOther Professionals in Health Diagnosing and TreatingCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Cape Breton7%x13%$32,974
Annapolis Valley22%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeOther Professionals in Health Diagnosing and TreatingCompared to: All Health
% Employed% Employed
Median Age4544
GenderOther Professionals in Health Diagnosing and TreatingCompared to: Occupations in Health
% Employed% Employed
EducationOther Professionals in Health Diagnosing and TreatingCompared to: All Health
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax1.1%$27,581
High schoolN/Ax6.9%$24,119
Trades certificateN/Ax5.0%$31,728
College certificate or diplomaN/Ax39.4%$36,693
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax4.8%$50,769
Bachelor's degree47.8%$88,67227.6%$57,186
University advanced certificate or diploma21.7%x2.3%$61,833
Master's degree13.0%$101,6155.1%$87,808
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry8.7%x7.2%$83,000
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.


Employment Requirements & Contacts

Right to Title:This job is regulated in Nova Scotia. The job title is protected (you may not use this job title without a professional designation). Professional designation shows that the holder has met provincial requirements for the job. Employers may require professional designation, however, you do not need professional designation to legally work in this job.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Association of Naturopathic Doctors
PO Box 245
Lower Sackville, NS B4C 2S9
(902) 431-8001
Special Requirements:Standards exist for this job in Nova Scotia. Certification or membership in a professional body may be required by employers, however, a certificate is not legally needed to work in this occupation.
Regulating body:
Canadian Orthoptic Council (COC)
CHUL, 2705 Blvd.
Laurier Ste. Foy, PQ G1V 4G2
(418) 654-2188
Useful contacts:
Canadian Orthoptic Council
CHUL, 2705 Boul. Laurier
Ste. Foy, QC G1V 4G2
Fax: (418) 654-2188
Canadian Osteopathic Association
16945 Leslie Street, Unit 18
Newmarket, ON L3Y 9A2
Tel: (905) 868-8689
Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors
20 Holly Street, Suite 200
Toronto, ON M4S 3B1
Tel: (800) 551-4381
Fax: (416) 496-8634

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Optometric technician/assistant
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to assist optometrists in providing patient care, administering examinations and treatments, and performing office administrative functions. These programs include courses in applied anatomy and physiology of the eye, visual testing, patient communication, patient preparation, medications and administration, dispensing and fitting of eyeglasses and contact lenses, record-keeping, and office management skills.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Osteopathic medicine/osteopathy (DO)
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of osteopathic medicine, involving a combination of medical principles and procedures and osteopathic principles of holistic medicine and the relationship of the musculoskeletal system to general health. These programs include courses in the basic medical sciences, preventive medicine, family and community medicine, medical informatics, disease systems, organ and physiologic systems, osteopathic principles and practice, osteopathic manipulative treatment, musculoskeletal and skin systems, clinical specialty rotations, medical ethics, and professional standards and practice management.
See all institutions providing this program+
CEO (Osteopathic Studies) Inc.
6136 University Avenue
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(514) 342-2816
Program Name:Vision science/physiological optics
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific study of vision, visual processes, and related phenomena and clinical research and treatment modalities. These programs include courses in ocular anatomy and physiology, microbiology of the eye, electrophysiology, neurophysiology, corneal physiology, photochemistry, psychophysics, visual biophysics and motor systems, sensory mechanisms and photoreception, eye circulation and metabolism, geometric and physical optics, ocular development across the lifespan, visual stimuli and perception, colour vision, eye motility, biometrics and measurement techniques, visual pathology, and environmental issues.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
Additional resources: