careers.novascotia.ca

Secondary School Teachers

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NOC:4031
Occupation:Secondary School Teachers
Category:Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

About the job

Nature of work:

Secondary school teachers prepare and teach academic, technical, vocational or specialized subjects at public and private secondary schools. Secondary school teachers who are heads of departments are included in this group. Secondary teachers may specialize in areas such as mathematics, English, French, special education, or second language instruction. Secondary school teachers of vocational and trades subjects may specialize in areas such as hairdressing or auto mechanics.

Job duties:
Secondary school teachers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Prepare subject material for presentation to students according to an approved curriculum.
  • Teach students using a systematic plan of lectures, discussions, audio-visual presentations, and laboratory, shop and field studies.
  • Assign and correct homework.
  • Prepare, administer and correct tests.
  • Evaluate progress, determine individual needs of students and discuss results with parents and school officials.
  • Prepare and implement remedial programs for students requiring extra help.
  • Participate in staff meetings, educational conferences and teacher training workshops.
  • May teach and evaluate students through distance or online courses.
  • May advise students on course selection and on vocational and personal matters.
  • May supervise student teachers.

Secondary school teachers may specialize in such areas as mathematics, English, French, special education or second language instruction. Secondary school teachers of vocational and trades subjects may specialize in areas such as hairdressing or auto mechanics.

Sample job titles:
  • adult education teacher, secondary school
  • cooperative education teacher
  • English as a second language teacher, high school
  • high school teacher
  • private teacher - secondary school
  • secondary school department head
  • secondary school teacher
  • special needs teacher - secondary school
  • substitute teacher - secondary school
Skills:

To work in this field, you should be patient, imaginative, objective, and resourceful. Leadership skills and the ability to motivate students are important. You must be able to communicate ideas in a clear, concise, and interesting way. Planning and organizational skills are also necessary. Energy and stamina are often needed, as a teacher's workday involves more than just school hours. Teachers must be knowledgeable about their subjects and keep informed of new material and methods of teaching.

Job requirements:
  • Teachers of academic subjects require a bachelor's degree in education which is often preceded by a bachelor's degree in the arts or sciences.
  • Teachers of vocational or technical subjects require a bachelor's degree in education which is usually preceded by specialized training or experience in the subject.
  • Department heads usually require several years of teaching experience.
  • To specialize in special education or English or French as a second language, additional training is required.
  • A provincial teaching certificate is required.
  • Membership in a provincial or territorial teachers' association or federation may be required.
Other considerations:

Progression to vice-principal or other administrative positions in the education system is possible with experience.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to remain largely the same over the next few years. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Secondary School Teachers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 67% of Secondary School Teachers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $74,127. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Secondary School Teachers3,825stable180Low
Minimum: $21.63
Median: $38.66
Maximum: $45.64
Minimum: $12,906
Median: $70,443
Maximum: $86,277
Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services55,420Moderate growth4,880Low
Minimum: $14.00
Median: $26.88
Maximum: $46.15
Minimum: $5,616
Median: $44,335
Maximum: $92,599
Secondary School TeachersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
Percent employed full-time85%79%
Percent self-employed2%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentSecondary School TeachersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern13%x12%$30,581
Northern17%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton16%x13%$32,974
Halifax41%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley13%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeSecondary School TeachersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
15-243%N/A
25-3425%5%
35-4423%37%
45-5436%29%
55-6410%24%
65+3%5%
Median Age4444
GenderSecondary School TeachersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
Female59%64%
Male41%36%
EducationSecondary School TeachersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax2.8%$11,346
High school0.6%$11,68714.3%$25,801
Trades certificateN/Ax4.2%$35,678
College certificate or diploma3.0%$28,07421.5%$28,183
University certificate or diploma1.4%$40,0482.6%$35,967
Bachelor's degree43.2%$51,17029.2%$43,533
University advanced certificate or diploma10.1%$67,0223.4%$47,801
Master's degree0.2%$80,17817.2%$35,978
Doctorate41.4%$73,7564.6%$60,991
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry0.5%x0.2%$83,456
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Teacher
Special Requirements:Standards exist for this job in Nova Scotia. Certification or membership in a professional body may be required by employers, however, a certificate is not legally needed to work in this occupation.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Department of Education & Early Childhood Development
2021 Brunswick Street
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(888) 825-7770
(902) 424-0511
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Teachers Union
3106 Joseph Howe Drive
Halifax, NS B3L 4L7
Tel: (902) 477-5621
Fax: (902) 477-3517
centraloffice@nstu.ca
Nova Scotia Department of Education, Teacher Certification
PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-6620
Fax: (902) 424-3814
Canadian Teachers' Federation
2490 Don Reid Drive
Ottawa, ON K1H 1E1
Tel: (613) 232-1505
Fax: (613) 232-1886

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Aboriginal education
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the design and implementation of instructional and advising services for First Nations, Inuit and Metis students at various learning levels and that prepares individuals to perform teaching and administrative functions. These programs include courses in the cultural traditions and social patterns, history and politics, learning styles and issues, curriculum design and minority education strategies, counselling techniques and social issues, rural education services, distance education, adult education techniques, school administration, applicable laws and regulations, and research issues.
See all institutions providing this program+
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Adult and continuing education and teaching
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach adult students in various settings, including basic and remedial education programs, continuing education programs, and programs designed to develop or upgrade specific employment-related knowledge and skills.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Program Name:Art teacher education
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach art and art appreciation programs at various educational levels.
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NSCAD University
5163 Duke Street
Halifax, NS B3J 3J6
(902) 444-9600
admissions@nscad.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Curriculum and instruction
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the curriculum and related instructional processes and tools, and that prepares individuals to serve as professional curriculum specialists. These programs include courses in curriculum theory, curriculum design and planning, instructional material design and evaluation, curriculum evaluation, and applications to specific subject matter, programs or educational levels.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Education/teaching of individuals with multiple disabilities
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the design of educational services for children or adults with multiple disabilities which adversely affect their educational performance and that prepares individuals to teach such students. These programs include courses in identifying students with multiple disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising multiple handicapped students, counselling, and applicable laws and policies.
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Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
marconi.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Educational/instructional media design
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the principles and techniques of creating instructional products and related educational resources in various formats or combinations such as film, video, recording, text, art, CD-ROM, computer software, virtual reality technology, and three-dimensional objects, and that prepares individuals to function as instructional media designers. These programs include courses in the techniques specific to creating in various media; the behavioural principles applicable to using various media in learning and teaching; the design, testing and production of instructional materials; and the management of educational/instructional media facilities and programs.
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Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:English as a second language (Canada)
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the development of proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking English for those for whom English is not their mother tongue. These programs include courses in the use of basic communication skills to develop and transmit ideas and thoughts in English as well as specialized programs that focus on the development of proficiency in English sufficient to meet specific occupational or academic demands.
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Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus
5685 Leeds Street
Halifax, NS B3K 2T3
(902) 491-6722
it.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Mathematics teacher education
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach mathematics programs at various educational levels.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Program Name:Physical education teaching and coaching
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach physical education programs and/or to coach sports at various educational levels.
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St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Program Name:Secondary education and teaching
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students in the secondary grades, which may include grades seven through twelve, depending on the school system and applicable regulations. May include preparation to teach a comprehensive curriculum or specific subject matter.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Special education and teaching - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the design and provision of teaching and other educational services to children or adults with special learning needs or disabilities, and that prepares individuals to function as special education teachers. These programs include courses in diagnosing learning disabilities, developing individual education plans, teaching and supervising special education students, special education counselling, and applicable laws and policies.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Program Name:Teacher education, multiple levels
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach students at more than one educational level, such as a combined program in elementary/secondary, early childhood/elementary, elementary/middle school, or junior high/high school teacher education.
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Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Program Name:Teaching assistants/aides - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to assist a teacher in regular classroom settings or in providing instruction and supervision to special student populations, such as bilingual/bicultural students, special education students, adult learners, and students learning English. These programs include courses in techniques of general classroom supervision, maintaining order, assisting with lessons and carrying out related assignments.
See all institutions providing this program+
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
Program Name:Teaching English as a second or foreign language/ESL language instructor
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the principles and practice of teaching English to students who are not proficient in English or who do not speak, read or write English, and that prepares individuals to function as teachers and administrators in such programs.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Program Name:Technology teacher education/industrial arts teacher education
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to teach technology education/industrial arts programs at various educational levels.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Additional resources: