careers.novascotia.ca

Psychologists

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NOC:4151
Occupation:Psychologists
Category:Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

About the job

Nature of work:

Psychologists assess and diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients, provide therapy, conduct research and apply theory relating to behaviour and mental processes. Psychologists help clients work toward the maintenance and enhancement of psychological, physical, intellectual, emotional, social and interpersonal functioning. Psychologists work in private practice or in clinics, correctional facilities, hospitals, mental health facilities, rehabilitation centres, community service organizations, businesses, schools and universities, and in government and private research agencies.

Clinical psychologists interview patients; give diagnostic tests; provide individual, family and group psychotherapy; and design and implement programs to modify behaviour. Counselling psychologists provide treatment to improve physical and mental health. School psychologists work with students, teachers, parents, and administrators to resolve students' learning and behaviour problems.

Experimental psychologists investigate aspects of human and animal activity to understand and explain behaviour. Industrial/organizational psychologists focus on personnel selection, job satisfaction, and workplace performance.

Job duties:
Psychologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Examine and assess behaviour, diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients and provide therapy.
  • Help clients manage physical illness and disorders.
  • Counsel individuals and groups to achieve more effective personal, social and vocational development and adjustment, and offer mediation services.
  • Use standard psychological tests for assessment.
  • Plan intervention programs and conduct program evaluation.
  • Apply psychological theory and principles regarding behaviour and mental processes such as learning, language development, memory and perception to develop treatment programs.
  • Formulate hypotheses and experimental designs, review literature, conduct studies and publish research papers, educational texts and articles.
  • Deliver presentations at conferences, workshops or symposia.
  • Provide consultation services to government and other organizations.

Psychologists may specialize in applied psychology or experimental research. Sub-specialties include behavioural psychology, child psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, industrial psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology or sports psychology.

Sample job titles:
  • behavioural psychologist
  • behavioural therapist
  • child psychologist
  • clinical psychologist
  • counselling psychologist
  • developmental psychologist
  • human development psychologist
  • psychologist
  • psychotherapist
Skills:

To work in this field, you should be mature, patient, and interested in helping others. You must have excellent oral and written communication skills. Excellent listening and critical thinking skills, an understanding of human behaviour, and awareness of diversities are also important.

Job requirements:
  • A master's degree in psychology is required for the designation "Psychologist" in Nova Scotia.
  • A period of supervised practical experience is required in most jurisdictions.
  • Successful completion of the written Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) is required in most provinces.
  • Oral examinations and board interviews are required in some provinces.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required in Nova Scotia.
  • Membership in the provincial professional association for psychologists is mandatory.
Other considerations:

There has been a noticeable increase in psychologists working in the private sector in the past few years. Self-employment is common for psychologists. Psychological associates may be granted permission by provincial regulatory authorities to perform duties normally restricted to psychologists, specifically diagnosing psychological disorders and communicating diagnoses to clients.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Good

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “good”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is better than average when compared to other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow significantly over the next few years, which will provide additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Psychologists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common.

The median employment income for 55% of Psychologists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $82,578. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Psychologists565Strong growth100Low
Minimum: $20.00
Median: $29.81
Maximum: $58.65
Minimum: $11,977
Median: $63,850
Maximum: $117,028
Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services55,420Moderate growth4,880Low
Minimum: $14.00
Median: $26.88
Maximum: $46.15
Minimum: $5,616
Median: $44,335
Maximum: $92,599
PsychologistsCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
Percent employed full-time82%79%
Percent self-employed4%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentPsychologistsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern9%x12%$30,581
Northern11%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton8%x13%$32,974
Halifax60%$61,54847%$41,209
Annapolis Valley11%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgePsychologistsCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
15-24N/AN/A
25-3418%5%
35-4422%37%
45-5435%29%
55-6422%24%
65+4%5%
Median Age4444
GenderPsychologistsCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
Female79%64%
Male21%36%
EducationPsychologistsCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax2.8%$11,346
High schoolN/A$37,61514.3%$25,801
Trades certificateN/A$36,9924.2%$35,678
College certificate or diplomaN/A$38,16821.5%$28,183
University certificate or diplomaN/A$44,6142.6%$35,967
Bachelor's degree9.6%$51,11229.2%$43,533
University advanced certificate or diploma1.7%$53,5983.4%$47,801
Master's degreeN/A$56,02817.2%$35,978
Doctorate55.7%$78,6104.6%$60,991
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry33.9%x0.2%$83,456
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Psychologist
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Board of Examiners in Psychology
5991 Spring Garden Road, Suite 455
Halifax, NS B3H 1Y6
(902) 423-2238
(902) 423-0058
nsbep@nsbep.org
Useful contacts:
Association of Psychologists of Nova Scotia
Suite 435, 5991 Spring Garden Road
Halifax, NS B3H 1J6
Tel: (902) 422-9183
Fax: (902) 462-9801
apns@apns.ca
Health Care Human Resource Sector Council
380 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2L4
Tel: (902) 461-0871
Fax: (902) 461-9572
info@hcsc.ca
Canadian Psychological Association
141 Laurier Avenue West, Suite 702
Ottawa, ON K1P 5J3
Tel: (613) 237-2144
Fax: (613) 237-1674
cpa@cpa.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Applied psychology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of psychological theories and methods to real-world settings and problems, such as business and industry, government, education, military, and community settings. These programs include courses in applications of psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, counselling, human factors, research methods and statistics, and program evaluation.
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Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Program Name:Clinical psychology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of clinical psychology, involving the analysis, diagnosis, and clinical treatment of psychological disorders and behavioural pathologies. These programs include courses in clinical assessment and diagnosis, personality appraisal, psychopathology, clinical psychopharmacology, behaviour modification, therapeutic intervention skills, patient interviewing, personalized and group therapy, child and adolescent therapy, cognitive and behavioural therapy, supervised clinical practice, ethical standards, and applicable regulations.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Community health services/liaison/counselling
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to serve as facilitators, advocates, and referral professionals linking health care and related social services with affected recipient communities. These programs include courses in public and community health, human and social services, health services administration, group counselling, health education, group advocacy, cross-cultural and multilingual communication, and applicable laws and policies.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
burridge.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Health/health care administration/management
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to develop, plan, and manage health care operations and services within health care facilities and across health care systems. These programs include courses in planning, business management, financial management, public relations, human resources management, health care systems operation and management, health care resource allocation and policy making, health laws and regulations, and applications to specific types of health care services.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Physiological psychology/psychobiology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific course study of the biological bases of psychological functioning, and their application to experimental and therapeutic research problems. These programs include courses in functional neuroanatomy, neural system development, biochemical neural regulatory mechanisms, neurological biophysics, memory storage and retrieval, physiology of cognition and perception, physiological bases of psychopathology and behavioural disorders, psychopharmacology, comparative psychobiology, and specialized experimental design and research methods.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Program Name:Psychology - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific study of individual and collective behaviour, the physical and environmental bases of behaviour, and the analysis and treatment of behaviour problems and disorders. These programs include courses in the principles of the various subfields of psychology, research methods, and psychological assessment and testing methods.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Substance abuse/addiction counseling
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to help prevent substance abuse, counsel individuals and families with drug and alcohol problems, and perform intervention and therapeutic services for persons suffering from addiction. These programs include courses in individual and group counselling skills, psychology of addiction, sociology, crisis intervention, substance abuse identification methodologies, substance abuse treatment modalities, substance abuse prevention and treatment resources, pharmacology and behavioural aspects of abused substances, treatment evaluation, patient observation and education, group dynamics, professional standards and ethics, and applicable laws and regulations.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Additional resources: