careers.novascotia.ca

Probation and Parole Officers and Related Workers

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NOC:4155
Occupation:Probation and Parole Officers and Related Workers
Category:Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

About the job

Nature of work:

Probation officers monitor the conduct and behaviour of criminal offenders serving probation terms. Parole officers monitor the reintegration of criminal offenders serving the remainder of sentences while conditionally released into the community on parole. Classification officers assess inmates and develop rehabilitation programs for criminal offenders who are incarcerated in correctional facilities. They are employed by federal and provincial governments and work in the community and in correctional facilities.

Job duties:
Probation and parole officers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Interview offenders, police, family, friends, school authorities and employers to prepare pre-sentence reports and assess offenders' prospects for successful reintegration into the community.
  • Plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, establishing rules of conduct, goals and objectives.
  • Refer offenders to community and social service programs, as required.
  • Supervise the terms of a probation order and attend court.
  • Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans.
  • Recommend remedial action or initiate court action when terms of probation or parole are violated.
  • May perform administrative duties and supervise support staff.
  • May participate in policy development.
  • Interview inmates to assess adjustment problems and develop suitable rehabilitation programs.
  • Prepare classification reports recommending type of incarceration and types of interventions considered most beneficial for the rehabilitation of the inmates.
  • Plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, identifying needs and setting out goals and objectives.
  • Liaise with the inmates' families and contacts in the community to maintain established bonds outside of the institution.
  • Advise and counsel inmates regarding their problems and evaluate their progress.
Sample job titles:
  • case manager
  • correctional centre caseworker
  • parole officer
  • parole supervisor
  • probation and parole officer
  • probation officer
  • welfare program officer
  • youth worker
Skills:

To work in these fields, you should have an interest in the social welfare of others and a desire to help them. Patience, maturity, good listening skills, and an understanding of human nature are important. You must be able to communicate clearly, both orally and in writing. Leadership, reasoning, and decision-making skills are also necessary.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's degree in social work, criminology, psychology, sociology or other related social science discipline is required.
  • A master's degree in social work, criminology, psychology or other related social science discipline may be required.
Other considerations:

On-the-job training is ongoing for probation officers, and advancement courses and employee assistance programs are offered for people who wish to upgrade their skills. Corrections Canada has a volunteer program that begins every fall for students who wish to gain a better understanding of the work of probation officers. Progression to correctional service management positions is possible with additional training or experience.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. The number employed in this occupation is expected to remain largely the same over the next few years. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Probation and Parole Officers and Related Workers most commonly work full-time hours.

The median employment income for 76% of Probation and Parole Officers and Related Workers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $77,452. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Probation and Parole Officers and Related Workers175stable15Low
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum: $55,923
Median: $75,697
Maximum: $84,739
Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services55,420Moderate growth4,880Low
Minimum: $14.00
Median: $26.88
Maximum: $46.15
Minimum: $5,616
Median: $44,335
Maximum: $92,599
Probation and Parole Officers and Related WorkersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
Percent employed full-time92%79%
Percent self-employed4%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentProbation and Parole Officers and Related WorkersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern16%x12%$30,581
Northern22%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton8%x13%$32,974
Halifax46%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley11%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeProbation and Parole Officers and Related WorkersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
15-2414%N/A
25-34N/A5%
35-4429%37%
45-5443%29%
55-6421%24%
65+N/A5%
Median Age4744
GenderProbation and Parole Officers and Related WorkersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
Female57%64%
Male43%36%
EducationProbation and Parole Officers and Related WorkersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax2.8%$11,346
High schoolN/A$43,80614.3%$25,801
Trades certificateN/Ax4.2%$35,678
College certificate or diploma10.8%$29,76521.5%$28,183
University certificate or diploma5.4%x2.6%$35,967
Bachelor's degree67.6%$35,97329.2%$43,533
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax3.4%$47,801
Master's degreeN/A$42,83617.2%$35,978
Doctorate16.2%$56,4934.6%$60,991
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.2%$83,456
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Department of Justice, Correctional Services Division
P.O. Box 7
Halifax, NS B3J 2L6
Tel: (902) 424-7640
Fax: (902) 424-0693
justweb@novascotia.ca
Canadian Criminal Justice Association
320 Parkdale Avenue, Suite 101
Ottawa, ON K1Y 4X9
Tel: (613) 725-3715
Fax: (613) 725-3720
ccja-acjp@rogers.com

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Applied behaviour analysis
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of principles of learning and behaviour to enhance the development, abilities, and choices of children and adults; and that prepares individuals to address the behavioural needs of individuals, especially those with developmental disabilities and autism. These programs include courses in behaviour analysis and learning, behavioural and functional assessment, developmental psychology, applied behavioural analysis in developmental disabilities and autism, applied behavioural analysis in mental health and aging, research methods, evaluation of interventions, and professional and ethical issues.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Child development
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This program engages students in practical training and theoretical explorations in child and youth work, early childhood education, as well as early intervention and inclusive development.
See all institutions providing this program+
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Program Name:Criminology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the systematic study of crime as a sociopathological phenomenon, the behaviour of criminals, and the social institutions evolved to respond to crime. These programs include courses in the theory of crime, psychological and social bases of criminal behaviour, social value systems and the theory of punishment, criminal law and criminal justice systems, penology, rehabilitation and recidivism, studies of specific types of crime, social attitudes and policy, and applications to specific issues in law enforcement administration and policy.
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Eastern College - Halifax
6940 Mumford Road, Suite 111
Halifax, NS B3L 0B7
(902) 423-3933
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Program Name:Psychology - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific study of individual and collective behaviour, the physical and environmental bases of behaviour, and the analysis and treatment of behaviour problems and disorders. These programs include courses in the principles of the various subfields of psychology, research methods, and psychological assessment and testing methods.
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Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Social work - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals for the professional practice of social welfare administration and counselling, and that focuses on the study of organized means of providing basic support services for vulnerable individuals and groups. These programs include courses in social welfare policy; case work planning; social counselling and intervention strategies; administrative procedures and regulations; and specific applications in areas such as child welfare and family services, probation, employment services, and disability counselling.
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Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
Program Name:Sociology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the systematic study of human social institutions and social relationships. These programs include courses in social theory, sociological research methods, social organization and structure, social stratification and hierarchies, dynamics of social change, family structures, social deviance and control, and applications to the study of specific social groups, social institutions, and social problems.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Youth services/administration
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to plan, manage, and implement social services for children, youth, and families. These programs include courses in child development and psychology, adolescence, family studies, social work, social services administration, juvenile and family law, program and facilities planning, youth leadership, counselling, probation, casework, applicable procedures, and regulations, and professional standards and ethics.
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Jane Norman College (Truro)
60 Lorne Street, Suite 1
Truro, NS B2N 3K3
(902) 893-3342
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.