Home Child Care Providers

Occupation:Home Child Care Providers
Category:Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services

About the job

Nature of work:

Home child care providers care for children on an ongoing or short-term basis. They care for the well-being and physical and social development of children, assist parents with child care and may assist with household duties. They provide care primarily in their own homes or in the children's homes, where they may also reside. They are employed by private households and child-care agencies, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
Home child care providers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Supervise and care for children in employer's or own residence.
  • Bathe, dress and feed infants and children.
  • Prepare formulas and change diapers for infants.
  • Plan, prepare and serve meals for children and may perform other housekeeping duties.
  • Oversee children's activities, such as meals and rest periods, as instructed by employer.
  • Maintain a safe and healthy environment in the home.
  • Instruct children in personal hygiene.
  • Tend to the emotional well-being of children and support their social development.
  • Discipline children according to the methods requested by the parents.
  • Organize and participate in activities such as games, crafts, reading and outings.
  • Take children to and from school and appointments.
  • May be required to keep records of daily activities and health information regarding each child.
Foster parents perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Care for foster children, usually on an emergency or temporary basis, as a primary guardian under general direction of foster parent agency.
  • Consult foster parent agency supervisors for advice and when problems arise.
  • Administer foster care programs for foster children, as directed by foster parent agency social workers.
Sample job titles:
  • au pair
  • babysitter
  • child care provider - private home
  • family child care provider
  • foster parent
  • home child care provider
  • live-in caregiver, child care
  • live-in nanny
  • nanny
  • parent's helper

To work in this field, you must be patient, understanding, and emotionally supportive along with good interpersonal skills and a desire to help others.

The ability to handle stressful situations may be needed. You should be sensitive and able to respond in a positive and caring way. The ability to follow directions and work under supervision is also important. Dependability and good judgement are also essential. Good health and physical strength may be necessary for some positions.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of secondary school may be required.
  • Home child care providers, parent's helpers and foster parents may require completion of a training program in child care or a related field.
  • First aid certification and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) training may be required.
Other considerations:

Most workers in these jobs do not work full-time for the entire year, and jobs tend to be seasonal. Demonstrated ability to perform work is usually required. Child care or household management experience may be required. There is mobility among jobs in this group.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Limited

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “limited”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is below average when compared with other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. However, jobseekers may face some competition for those positions. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline significantly over the next few years, which will limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Home Child Care Providers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common.

The median employment income for 41% of Home Child Care Providers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $11,635. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Home Child Care Providers2,055decline sharply-30High
Minimum: $11.00
Median: $12.50
Maximum: $17.00
Minimum: $1,529
Median: $7,694
Maximum: $27,327
Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services55,420Moderate growth4,880Low
Minimum: $14.00
Median: $26.88
Maximum: $46.15
Minimum: $5,616
Median: $44,335
Maximum: $92,599
Home Child Care ProvidersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
Percent employed full-time70%79%
Percent self-employed0%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentHome Child Care ProvidersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Cape Breton11%$6,73513%$32,974
Annapolis Valley15%$8,89613%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeHome Child Care ProvidersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
Median Age3944
GenderHome Child Care ProvidersCompared to: Occupations in Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% Employed% Employed
EducationHome Child Care ProvidersCompared to: All Education, Law, Government, Social and Community Services
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school15.2%$8,9782.8%$11,346
High school33.5%$12,03214.3%$25,801
Trades certificate5.0%$24,0604.2%$35,678
College certificate or diploma26.8%$22,10321.5%$28,183
University certificate or diploma2.9%$20,1192.6%$35,967
Bachelor's degree15.4%$17,72629.2%$43,533
University advanced certificate or diploma0.5%$26,1233.4%$47,801
Master's degreeN/A$20,85617.2%$35,978
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.2%$83,456
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.


Employment Requirements & Contacts

No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Foster Care Nova Scotia
, NS
Tel: (800) 565-1884
St. John Ambulance - NS, PEI
72 Highfield Park Drive
Dartmouth, NS B3A 4X2
Tel: (902) 463-5646
Fax: (902) 469-9609
Canadian Child Care Federation
700 Industrial Ave, Suite 600
Ottawa, ON K1G 0Y9
Tel: (613) 729-5289
Fax: (613) 729-3159

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Adult high school/secondary diploma programs
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the high school level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by the appropriate jurisdiction, for the completion of and graduation from a secondary school program of academic subject matter offered for adult learners outside of the regular secondary school program. This does not include adult compensatory education programs resulting in completion of a high school equivalency certificate or diploma.
See all institutions providing this program+
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
Nova Scotia Community College - Cumberland Campus
PO Box 550, 1 Main Street
Springhill, NS B0M 1X0
(902) 597-3737
Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus
21 Woodlawn Road
Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7
(902) 491-4900
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus
5685 Leeds Street
Halifax, NS B3K 2T3
(902) 491-6722
Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries
PO Box 820, 39 Acadia Avenue
Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0
(902) 752-2002
Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus
PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road
Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0
(902) 875-8640
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
Nova Scotia Community College - Truro Campus
36 Arthur Street
Truro, NS B2N 1X5
(902) 893-5385
Additional resources: