careers.novascotia.ca

Journalists

print
NOC:5123
Occupation:Journalists
Category:Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport

About the job

Nature of work:

Journalists research, investigate, interpret and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media. They may specialize in print or non-print media, in a particular geographic area, or in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news. Journalists are employed by radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines and may also work on a freelance basis.

Job duties:
Journalists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Collect local, national and international news through interviews, investigation and observation.
  • Write news stories for publication and broadcast.
  • Receive, analyze and verify news and other copy for accuracy.
  • Arrange for and conduct interviews as part of research and for radio and television programs.
  • Research and report on developments in specialized fields such as medicine, science and technology.
  • Prepare regular feature columns and stories on specialized topics.
  • Write editorials and commentaries on topics of current interest to stimulate public interest and express the views of a publication or broadcasting station.
  • Write critical reviews of literary, musical and other artistic works based on knowledge, judgement and experience.

Journalists may specialize in print, broadcast or Webcast media, in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news, or in a particular geographic area.

Sample job titles:
  • broadcast journalist
  • columnist
  • commentator
  • critic
  • investigative reporter
  • journalist
  • news correspondent
  • newspaper editorial writer
  • reporter
  • television news anchorperson
Skills:

Journalists should be organized, resourceful, and creative. A critical mind, excellent writing ability, and language skills are also necessary. Keyboarding and word processing skills are a definite asset. Knowledge of French is strongly recommended.

Job requirements:
  • A university degree or college diploma in journalism or a related field such as communications is usually required.
Other considerations:

Some people in these jobs work irregular hours, including evenings and weekends. Experienced reporters may advance to editorial positions (print media) or become producers (broadcast media).

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Limited

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “limited”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is below average when compared with other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent and jobseekers may face competition. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment (yet overall job prospects are still considered limited). With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Journalists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common. Also, a fair portion of the workforce is self-employed, so having the option to "work for yourself" may appeal to some individuals’ interests/motivations.

The median employment income for 52% of Journalists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $46,540. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Journalists280Moderate growth20Low
Minimum: $14.90
Median: $20.19
Maximum: $39.82
Minimum: $1,597
Median: $36,399
Maximum: $78,784
Occupations in Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport11,000Moderate growth735Moderate
Minimum: $10.81
Median: $16.00
Maximum: $31.00
Minimum: $945
Median: $11,712
Maximum: $60,447
JournalistsCompared to: Occupations in Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport
Percent employed full-time72%59%
Percent self-employed29%33%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentJournalistsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern11%N/A12%$30,581
Northern9%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton11%x13%$32,974
Halifax61%$42,47147%$41,209
Annapolis Valley7%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeJournalistsCompared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport
% Employed% Employed
15-2411%N/A
25-3421%13%
35-4411%44%
45-5447%35%
55-64N/A8%
65+11%4%
Median Age4038
GenderJournalistsCompared to: Occupations in Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport
% Employed% Employed
Female47%56%
Male53%44%
EducationJournalistsCompared to: All Arts, Culture, Recreation and Sport
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school3.1%x10.2%$2,298
High school9.2%$20,55826.2%$7,127
Trades certificateN/Ax3.6%$13,575
College certificate or diploma12.3%$33,94820.3%$20,158
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax1.7%$20,801
Bachelor's degree55.4%$38,48127.5%$19,705
University advanced certificate or diploma7.7%x1.5%$18,274
Master's degreeN/A$23,9558.0%x
Doctorate15.4%x1.0%$30,975
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry3.1%x0.1%$11,741
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Canadian Association of Journalists
Box 745
Cornwall, ON K6H 5T5

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Broadcast journalism
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the methods and techniques for reporting, producing, and delivering news and news programs via radio, television, and video/film media; and that prepares individuals to be professional broadcast journalists, editors, producers, directors, and managers. These programs include courses in the principles of broadcast technology; broadcast reporting; on- and off-camera and microphone procedures and techniques; program, sound, and video/film editing; program design and production; media law and policy; and professional standards and ethics.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute
80 Mawiomi Place
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5
(902) 491-1100
waterfront.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Communication, general
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the comprehensive study of communication, and that spans the study of mass communication/media studies, old and new media technologies, social and political applications, and speech communication and rhetoric. These programs include courses in interpersonal, group, organizational, and intercultural communication; theories of communication; critical thinking, argumentation, and persuasion; written communication; printed, electronic, and digital media; rhetorical tradition and criticism; media, society, and culture; consequences and effects of mass media; media social science and criticism; and quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry.
See all institutions providing this program+
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Journalism - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the theory and practice of gathering, processing, and delivering news and that prepares individuals to be professional print journalists, news editors, and news managers. These programs include courses in news writing and editing; reporting; photojournalism; layout and graphic design; journalism law and policy; professional standards and ethics; research methods; and journalism history and criticism.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Program Name:Radio and television
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the theories, methods, and techniques used to plan, produce, and distribute audio and video programs and messages, and that prepares individuals to function as staff, producers, directors, and managers of radio and television shows and media organizations. These programs include courses in media aesthetics; planning, scheduling, and production; writing and editing; performing and directing; personnel and facilities management; marketing and distribution; media regulations, law, and policy; and principles of broadcast technology.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute
80 Mawiomi Place
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5
(902) 491-1100
waterfront.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Technical and scientific communication
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the communication of technical and scientific knowledge to a variety of audiences through print, video, and digital media; and that prepares individuals to function as technical writers and editors, documentation developers, web designers, and usability specialists. These programs include courses in scientific and technical writing and editing, graphic and information design, web design, audience analysis, document usability and field testing, publications management, and applications to specific technical fields.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.