careers.novascotia.ca

Bakers

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NOC:6332
Occupation:Bakers
Category:Sales and Service

About the job

Nature of work:

Bakers prepare bread, rolls, muffins, pies, pastries, cakes and cookies in retail and wholesale bakeries and dining establishments. They are employed in bakeries, supermarkets, catering companies, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and other institutions, or they may be self-employed. Bakers who are supervisors are also included in this group.

Job duties:
Bakers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Prepare dough for pies, bread, rolls and sweet goods, batters for muffins, cookies and cakes and icings and frostings according to recipes or special customer orders.
  • Operate machinery.
  • Bake mixed doughs and batters.
  • Frost and decorate cakes or other baked goods.
  • Ensure quality of products meets established standards.
  • Draw up production schedule to determine type and quantity of goods to produce.
  • Purchase baking supplies.
  • May oversee sales and merchandising of baked goods.
  • May hire, train and supervise baking personnel and kitchen staff.
Sample job titles:
  • baker
  • baker apprentice
  • bakery supervisor
  • cake and pastry decorator
  • chocolate maker
  • donut maker
  • grocery store baker
  • head baker
  • pastry maker
  • specialty foods baker
Skills:

This work requires initiative, imagination, and creativity. Knowledge of basic nutrition and baking methods is needed. You should understand and apply the rules of hygiene and sanitation. Organization, time management, and the ability to perform under pressure are important. You must have good physical health, stamina, and manual dexterity. You may be required to work shift work and establish good working relationships with a variety of co-workers and customers.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
  • Completion of a three- or four-year apprenticeship program for bakers or completion of a college or other program for bakers is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be provided.
  • Trade certification is available, but voluntary, in Nova Scotia.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to qualified bakers upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.
Other considerations:

To work as a baker the completion of an apprenticeship program or a college program is usually required.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Good

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “good”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is better than average when compared to other occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Bakers may either be working full-time or part-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 44% of Bakers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $25,334. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Bakers1,235Moderate growth70Moderate
Minimum: $11.00
Median: $12.00
Maximum: $18.05
Minimum: $3,506
Median: $17,625
Maximum: $36,574
Occupations in Sales and Service102,605Decline slightly5,260Moderate
Minimum: $10.70
Median: $12.50
Maximum: $21.17
Minimum: $2,949
Median: $16,629
Maximum: $45,086
BakersCompared to: Occupations in Sales and Service
Percent employed full-time67%59%
Percent self-employed12%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentBakersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern15%$19,27012%$30,581
Northern14%$22,03316%$33,660
Cape Breton18%$17,42713%$32,974
Halifax36%$17,84247%$41,209
Annapolis Valley16%$20,10413%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeBakersCompared to: All Sales and Service
% Employed% Employed
15-2417%x
25-3416%36%
35-4419%29%
45-5426%x
55-6420%21%
65+2%x
Median Age3837
GenderBakersCompared to: Occupations in Sales and Service
% Employed% Employed
Female68%60%
Male32%40%
EducationBakersCompared to: All Sales and Service
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school21.3%$25,01118.8%$9,486
High school40.1%$23,41740.4%$12,982
Trades certificate9.4%$32,0268.0%$18,797
College certificate or diploma20.6%$31,93419.9%$19,514
University certificate or diploma0.7%x1.6%$18,279
Bachelor's degree7.2%x10.0%$20,807
University advanced certificate or diploma0.7%x0.5%$15,716
Master's degree0.7%x0.8%$20,769
DoctorateN/Ax0.0%$17,318
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.1%$17,368
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Baker
Certificate of Qualification (Voluntary):This job is a designated trade in Nova Scotia. Employers may require certification, however, a certificate is not needed to legally work in this job.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
(902) 424-0717
apprenticeship@novascotia.ca
Useful contacts:
Red Seal
c/o Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency PO Box 578
Halifax, B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-5651
Fax: (902) 424-0717
Baking Association of Canada
7895 Tranmere Dr., Suite 202
Mississauga, ON L5S 1V9
Tel: (888) 674-2253
Fax: (905) 405-0993
info@baking.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Adult high school/secondary diploma programs
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the high school level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by the appropriate jurisdiction, for the completion of and graduation from a secondary school program of academic subject matter offered for adult learners outside of the regular secondary school program. This does not include adult compensatory education programs resulting in completion of a high school equivalency certificate or diploma.
See all institutions providing this program+
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Cumberland Campus
PO Box 550, 1 Main Street
Springhill, NS B0M 1X0
(902) 597-3737
cumberland.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus
21 Woodlawn Road
Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7
(902) 491-4900
akerley.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
burridge.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus
5685 Leeds Street
Halifax, NS B3K 2T3
(902) 491-6722
it.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries
PO Box 820, 39 Acadia Avenue
Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0
(902) 752-2002
pictou.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus
PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road
Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0
(902) 875-8640
shelburne.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
marconi.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Truro Campus
36 Arthur Street
Truro, NS B2N 1X5
(902) 893-5385
truro.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Baking and pastry arts/baker/pastry chef
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to serve as professional bakers and pastry specialists in restaurants or other commercial baking establishments. These programs include courses in bread and pastry making, bread and pastry handling and storage, cake and pastry decorating, baking industry operations, product packaging and marketing operations, and counter display and service.
See all institutions providing this program+
Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus
21 Woodlawn Road
Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7
(902) 491-4900
akerley.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Apprenticeship Training
Department of Labour and Advanced Education 2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
Additional resources: