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Hairstylists and Barbers

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NOC:6341
Occupation:Hairstylists and Barbers
Category:Sales and Service

About the job

Nature of work:

Hairstylists and barbers cut and style hair and perform related services. They are employed in hairstyling or hairdressing salons, barber shops, vocational schools, health care establishments and theatre, film and television establishments.

Job duties:
Hairstylists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Suggest hair style compatible with client's physical features or determine style from client's instructions and preferences.
  • Cut, trim, taper, curl, wave, perm and style hair.
  • Apply bleach, tints, dyes or rinses to colour, frost or streak hair.
  • Analyze hair and scalp condition and provide basic treatment or advice on beauty care treatments for scalp and hair.
  • Clean and style wigs and hair pieces.
  • Apply hair extensions.
  • May shampoo and rinse hair.
  • May perform receptionist duties and order supplies.
  • May judge in competitions.
  • May train or supervise other hairstylists, hairstylist apprentices and helpers.
Barbers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Cut and trim hair according to client's instructions or preferences.
  • Shave and trim beards and moustaches.
  • May shampoo hair and provide other hair treatment, such as waving, straightening and tinting and may also provide scalp conditioning massages.
  • May book appointments and order supplies.
  • May train and supervise other barbers and barber apprentices.
Sample job titles:
  • barber
  • beauty salon operator
  • hair colour technician
  • hair-care specialist
  • hairdresser
  • hairstyling specialist
  • hairstylist
  • hairstylist apprentice
  • wig stylist
Skills:

For this work, you must have good manual dexterity, imagination, and creativity. Good communication, organization, and interpersonal skills are definite assets. You should be tactful, patient, and able to follow directions closely. You must be in good health. Business skills are a definite asset.

Job requirements:
Hairstylists
  • Some secondary school education is required.
  • Completion of a two- or three-year hairstyling apprenticeship program or completion of a college or other program in hairstyling combined with on-the-job training is usually required.
  • Several years of experience may replace formal education and training.
  • Employers may require applicants to provide a hairstyling demonstration before being hired.
  • Trade certification for hairstylists is compulsory in Nova Scotia.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to qualified hairstylists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.
Barbers
  • Some secondary school education is required.
  • Completion of a two-year apprenticeship or other barber program is usually required.
  • On-the-job training may be substituted for formal education.
  • Red Seal Endorsement (RSE) is also available to barbers, as qualified hairstylists, upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.
Other considerations:

Self-employment is common for these jobs. Earnings for people in these jobs are often supplemented by tips or gratuities. Therefore, an individual's income will likely depend upon their ability to attract and retain a group of clients. This work usually occurs in clean, pleasant surroundings with good lighting and comfortable temperatures. The work can be tiring and physically demanding. Hairdressers and barbers must be on their feet for long periods of time. This work is often carried out during evenings and weekends, when salons are busiest.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Hairstylists and Barbers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 55% of Hairstylists and Barbers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $19,936. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Hairstylists and Barbers3,040decline55Low
Minimum: $11.00
Median: $13.50
Maximum: $26.00
Minimum: $3,126
Median: $15,701
Maximum: $32,557
Occupations in Sales and Service102,605Decline slightly5,260Moderate
Minimum: $10.70
Median: $12.50
Maximum: $21.17
Minimum: $2,949
Median: $16,629
Maximum: $45,086
Hairstylists and BarbersCompared to: Occupations in Sales and Service
Percent employed full-time71%59%
Percent self-employed0%6%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentHairstylists and BarbersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern15%$10,70412%$30,581
Northern17%$14,02516%$33,660
Cape Breton13%$21,66813%$32,974
Halifax45%$22,39747%$41,209
Annapolis Valley10%$15,31513%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeHairstylists and BarbersCompared to: All Sales and Service
% Employed% Employed
15-2413%x
25-3429%36%
35-4422%29%
45-5424%x
55-648%21%
65+4%x
Median Age4437
GenderHairstylists and BarbersCompared to: Occupations in Sales and Service
% Employed% Employed
Female87%60%
Male13%40%
EducationHairstylists and BarbersCompared to: All Sales and Service
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school1.3%$14,22118.8%$9,486
High school3.0%$14,78940.4%$12,982
Trades certificate52.4%$16,0618.0%$18,797
College certificate or diploma38.8%$16,18119.9%$19,514
University certificate or diploma1.8%$14,3341.6%$18,279
Bachelor's degree2.6%$23,06910.0%$20,807
University advanced certificate or diplomaxx0.5%$15,716
Master's degreexx0.8%$20,769
Doctoratexx0.0%$17,318
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryxx0.1%$17,368
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Barber
Right to Title:This job is regulated in Nova Scotia. The job title is protected (you may not use this job title without a professional designation). Professional designation shows that the holder has met provincial requirements for the job. Employers may require professional designation, however, you do not need professional designation to legally work in this job.
Regulating body:
Nova Scotia Registered Barbers Association
53 Albion Street
Amherst, NS B4H 2V9
(902) 667-8499
barber642000@yahoo.ca
Hairstylist
Certificate of Qualification (Mandatory):This job is a regulated designated trade in Nova Scotia. Certification is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Cosmetology Association of Nova Scotia
126 Chain Lake Drive
Halifax, NS B3S 1A2
(800) 765-8757
(902) 468-7147
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency
2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
Tel: (800) 494-5651
Fax: (902) 424-0717
apprenticeship@novascotia.ca
Red Seal
c/o Nova Scotia Apprenticeship Agency PO Box 578
Halifax, B3J 2S9
Tel: (902) 424-5651
Fax: (902) 424-0717

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Barbering/barber
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to shave and trim facial/neck hair and beards, cut and dress hair, fit hairpieces, give facial and scalp massages, apply cosmetic treatments, and to prepare for licensure as professional barbers at various levels. These programs include courses in facial shaving; beard and moustache shaping and trimming; shampooing; hair cutting; hair styles and styling art; facial treatments and massage; chemical applications; hair and scalp anatomy and physiology; hairpiece and toupee fitting; equipment operation; health and safety; customer service; and shop business practices.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Cosmetology/cosmetologist - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that generally prepares individuals to cut, trim, style, or remove scalp, facial, and body hair; apply cosmetic preparations; perform manicures and pedicures; massage the head and extremities; and prepare for practice as licensed cosmetologists in specialized or full-service salons. These programs include courses in hair cutting and styling, manicuring, pedicuring, facial treatments, shampooing, chemical applications, esthetics, shop management, sanitation and safety, customer service, and applicable professional and labour laws and regulations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Cape Breton Business College
315 Jamieson Street PO Box 33 Whitney Pier
Sydney, NS B1N 3B1
(902) 564-2222
info@cbbc.ns.ca
Hair Masters
26 Archibald Avenue
North Sydney, NS B2A 2W3
(902) 794-2460
angelaiannetti@hotmail.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
burridge.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries
PO Box 820, 39 Acadia Avenue
Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0
(902) 752-2002
pictou.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
marconi.info@nscc.ca
Victoria Court Career College
14 Court Street, Suite 101
Truro, NS B2N 3H7
(902) 843-3868
info@victoriacourtcareercollege.ca
Program Name:Hair styling/stylist and hair design
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to shampoo, cut, style, set, and dress the scalp hair of women and/or men, braid hair, apply hair cosmetics and wigs, and prepare for licensure as professional cosmetologists, hairdressers, and barbers at various levels. These programs include courses in hair design theory and concepts, hair cleaning and shampooing, hair colouring, chemical applications and permanent reconstructions, hair anatomy and physiology, scalp diseases and treatments, wig and hairpiece fitting, hair braiding, customer service, shop management, equipment operation, health and safety, and applicable laws and regulations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Cape Breton Business College
315 Jamieson Street PO Box 33 Whitney Pier
Sydney, NS B1N 3B1
(902) 564-2222
info@cbbc.ns.ca
Academy of Cosmetology
363 Windmill Road
Dartmouth, NS B3A 1J2
(902) 469-7788
academy@ns.sympatico.ca
Hair Design Centre Limited
278 Lacewood Drive
Halifax, NS B3M 3N8
(902) 455-0535
info@hairdesigncentre.com
Hair Masters
26 Archibald Avenue
North Sydney, NS B2A 2W3
(902) 794-2460
angelaiannetti@hotmail.ca
Apprenticeship Training
Department of Labour and Advanced Education 2021 Brunswick Street, PO Box 578
Halifax, NS B3J 2S9
(800) 494-5651
Elevate Beauty Institute of Cosmetology
77 Crescent Drive, Suite 4
New Minas, NS B4N 3G7
(902) 365-3933
Additional resources: