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Managers in Agriculture

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NOC:0821
Occupation:Managers in Agriculture
Category:Management

About the job

Nature of work:

Managers in agriculture plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the operations and functions of a farm, ranch or orchard. Many types of farming are seasonal in nature and every farm specializes in one or more areas, such as dairy, poultry, swine, beef, horses, sheep, fruit, vegetable, wheat, and other grain crops. Managers in this group usually own and operate their own establishment.

Job duties:
Managers in agriculture perform some or all the following duties:
  • Manage the overall operations of a farm, ranch or orchard.
  • Determine the amount and kinds of crops to be grown and livestock to be raised.
  • Organize and coordinate planting, cultivating and crop harvesting activities; raising and breeding of livestock and poultry.
  • Hire and manage farm personnel.
  • Establish a marketing program.
  • Develop and keep financial and production records.
  • Purchase farm machinery, livestock, seed, feed and other supplies.
  • Maintain farm machinery, equipment and buildings.
  • Perform farming duties.

Managers in agriculture manage farms of various sizes which may specialize in particular crops such as wheat, apples or potatoes or raise particular livestock such as beef cattle, hogs or chickens.

Sample job titles:
  • beekeeper
  • crop farmer
  • dairy farmer
  • farm manager
  • farmer
  • fruit grower
  • fur farmer
  • hog farmer
  • livestock farmer
  • poultry farm manager
  • vegetable grower
  • vineyard manager
Skills:

For this type of work, you should be interested in farming and enjoy working outdoors. Physical stamina, patience, perseverance, and excellent observation skills are needed. You should be willing to try new processes and farming methods. The ability to adapt to constantly changing technologies is important for more efficient production. You must also be innovative and have good planning and problem-solving abilities. Mechanical aptitude is valuable.

Job requirements:
  • A university degree or college diploma in agricultural management or other field related to crop or livestock production may be required.
Other considerations:

Self-employment is the most common working arrangement. Over half of the people in this occupation work more than 50 hours per week. Because most of these people rely on the agriculture industry for their livelihood, job prospects and earnings are likely to vary from year to year. Employment in this occupation is highly seasonal. Although many farm operators and managers on crop farms work from sunup to sundown during the planting and harvesting seasons, they often work full-time on the farm only six to seven months a year, and many have second jobs off the farm. Extensive farming experience, obtained as a farm supervisor or specialized crop or livestock worker or by working on a farm, is usually required.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline significantly over the next few years, which will limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Managers in Agriculture most commonly work full-time hours. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 66% of Managers in Agriculture who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $24,022. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Managers in Agriculture2,020decline sharply80Low
Minimum: $11.00
Median: $17.00
Maximum: $35.10
Minimum: $-7,096
Median: $12,883
Maximum: $59,125
Occupations in Management44,250Decline2,775Low
Minimum: $15.77
Median: $34.97
Maximum: $57.69
Minimum: $10,632
Median: $55,002
Maximum: $124,014
Managers in AgricultureCompared to: Occupations in Management
Percent employed full-time78%93%
Percent self-employed12%19%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentManagers in AgricultureCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern12%$19,36112%$30,581
Northern36%$20,13916%$33,660
Cape Breton7%$14,06313%$32,974
Halifax7%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley37%$20,34713%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeManagers in AgricultureCompared to: All Management
% Employed% Employed
15-243%2%
25-3417%13%
35-4426%24%
45-5420%32%
55-6423%23%
65+11%6%
Median Age5649
GenderManagers in AgricultureCompared to: Occupations in Management
% Employed% Employed
Female24%41%
Male76%59%
EducationManagers in AgricultureCompared to: All Management
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school18.8%$10,8036.2%$30,033
High school27.6%$17,58923.5%$37,496
Trades certificate12.0%$7,4567.0%$41,701
College certificate or diploma19.8%$12,82320.6%$45,432
University certificate or diploma3.4%$14,6473.0%$59,985
Bachelor's degree15.1%$19,17727.7%$66,107
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax1.9%$74,902
Master's degreeN/A$27,7249.2%$81,234
Doctorate2.3%x0.8%$83,359
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry1.0%x0.1%$79,443
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture
PO Box 2223
Halifax, NS B3J 3C4
Tel: (902) 424-4560
Fax: (902) 424-4671
Canadian Institute of Management - Maritimes
PO Box 463
Port Williams, NS B0P 1T0
Tel: (902) 670-0746 
Info@MaritimeCIM.com
Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture
60 Research Drive, Perennia Innovation Park
Bible Hill, NS B3L 2R2
Tel: (902) 893-2293
Fax: (902) 893-7063
info@nsfa-fane.ca
Agricultural Institute of Canada
Suite 320, 176 Gloucester Street
Ottawa, ON K2P 0A6
Tel: (613) 232-9459
Fax: (613) 594-5190
office@aic.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Agricultural business and management - General
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on modern business and economic principles involved in the organization, operation, and management of agricultural enterprises.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Agricultural business technology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to perform specialized support functions related to agricultural business offices and operations and to operate agricultural office equipment, software, and information systems. These programs include courses in basic agricultural business principles, office management, equipment operation, standard software, and database management.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Agriculture - General
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the general principles and practice of agricultural research and production and that prepares individuals to apply this knowledge to the solution of practical agricultural problems. These programs include courses in basic animal, plant, and soil science; animal husbandry and plant cultivation; soil conservation; and agricultural operations such as farming, ranching, and agricultural business.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Animal sciences - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding and husbandry of agricultural animals, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural animal products. These programs include courses in the animal sciences, animal husbandry and production, and agricultural and food products processing.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Animal/livestock husbandry and production
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to select, breed, care for, process, and market livestock and small farm animals. These programs include courses in basic animal science, animal nutrition, and animal health as applied to various species and breeds; design and operation of housing, feeding, and processing facilities; and related issues of safety, applicable regulations, logistics, and supply.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Crop production
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to cultivate grain, fibre, forage, oilseed, fruits and nuts, vegetables, and other domesticated plant products. These programs include courses in basic principles of plant science, health, and nutrition as applied to particular species and breeds; soil preparation and irrigation; pest management; planting and harvesting operations; product marketing; and applicable issues of safety, regulation, logistics, and supply.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:International agriculture
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the application of agricultural management and scientific principles to the problems of global food production and distribution, and to the study of the agricultural systems of other countries. These programs include courses in agricultural economics; comparative agricultural systems; international agribusiness and law; third-world development studies and economic development; and global applications of climate, soil, water resources, ecological and environmental studies, and animal and plant sciences.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Plant sciences - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific principles that underlie the breeding, cultivation, and production of agricultural plants, and the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural plant products. These programs include courses in the plant sciences, crop cultivation and production, and agricultural and food products processing.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Soil science and agronomy - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that generally focuses on the scientific classification of soils, soil properties, and their relationship to agricultural crops. These programs include courses in soil chemistry, soil physics, soil biology, soil fertility, morphogenesis, mineralogy, hydrology, agronomy, and soil conservation and management.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.