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Silviculture and Forestry Workers

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NOC:8422
Occupation:Silviculture and Forestry Workers
Category:Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining

About the job

Nature of work:

Silviculture and forestry workers perform a variety of duties related to reforestation and to the management, improvement and conservation of forest lands. They assess sites, select seedlings, and plant trees in reforestation areas; collect seed cones, prune trees, and mark trees for subsequent operations; and fight forest fires. They are employed by logging companies, contractors and government services.

Job duties:
Silviculture and forestry workers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Assess site, select seedlings and plant trees using manual
planting tools in reforestation areas.
  • Operate power thinning saw to thin and space trees in reforestation areas.
  • Operate chain saw to thin young forest stands.
  • Control weeds and undergrowth in regenerating forest stands using manual tools and chemicals.
  • Complete firefighting reports and maintain firefighting equipment.
  • Dig trenches, cut trees, pump water on burning areas to fight forest fires under direction of fire suppression officer or forestry technician.
  • Operate and maintain a skidder, bulldozer or other prime mover to pull a variety of scarification or site preparation equipment over areas to be regenerated.
  • Perform other silviculture duties such as collecting seed cones, pruning trees, assisting in planting surveys and marking trees for subsequent operations.
Sample job titles:
  • clearing saw operator - forestry
  • fire crewman/woman
  • forest firefighter
  • forestry conservation worker
  • forestry crewman/woman
  • forestry worker - logging
  • silviculture worker
  • tree pruner - forestry
Skills:

To work in this field, you should enjoy working outdoors and be prepared to spend time in isolated areas. You must be able to work alone and as part of a team. An awareness of safety is important. Physical stamina may also be needed.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of secondary school may be required.
  • Completion of a college or other specialized program for silviculture workers or forestry crew workers may be required.
  • Formal training in power saw operation and maintenance and several months of on-the-job training are usually provided.
  • A chemicals application licence is required.
  • Workplace hazardous materials information system (WHMIS) and transportation of dangerous goods (TDG) certificates may be required.
  • A silvicultural worker's licence may be required.
Other considerations:

Most are part-year workers; employment peaks in the summer months. Experience as a logging and forestry labourer may be required. There is some mobility among jobs in this group. Progression to supervisory positions is possible with experience while progression to forestry technician or technologist is possible with additional education and training.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. The number employed in this occupation is expected to decline moderately over the next few years, which will likely limit the number of new opportunities available. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Silviculture and Forestry Workers most commonly work full-time hours. With employment conditions being seasonal in nature, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year are fairly common.

The median employment income for 18% of Silviculture and Forestry Workers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $30,163. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Silviculture and Forestry Workers195decline20High
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum: $5,619
Median: $20,802
Maximum: $51,173
Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining14,665Decline slightly910High
Minimum: $10.85
Median: $16.00
Maximum: $31.88
Minimum: $4,009
Median: $23,520
Maximum: $87,170
Silviculture and Forestry WorkersCompared to: Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
Percent employed full-time80%84%
Percent self-employed0%22%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentSilviculture and Forestry WorkersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern21%x12%$30,581
Northern48%$16,82816%$33,660
Cape Breton15%x13%$32,974
Halifax7%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley8%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeSilviculture and Forestry WorkersCompared to: All Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% Employed% Employed
15-249%x
25-3422%8%
35-4416%19%
45-5425%42%
55-6428%26%
65+N/A4%
Median Age4845
GenderSilviculture and Forestry WorkersCompared to: Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% Employed% Employed
Female11%15%
Male89%85%
EducationSilviculture and Forestry WorkersCompared to: All Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school32.8%$15,01034.0%$14,445
High school27.6%$12,23931.5%$14,229
Trades certificate6.9%$10,73514.0%$19,107
College certificate or diploma24.1%x14.3%$21,289
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax1.1%$17,641
Bachelor's degree8.6%x4.3%$15,980
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax0.3%$17,206
Master's degreeN/Ax0.4%x
DoctorateN/Ax0.1%$10,708
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/AxN/AN/A
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Maritime College of Forest Technology
1350 Regent Street
Fredericton, NB E3C 2G6
Tel: (866) 619-9900
Fax: (506) 458-0679
info@mcft.nb.ca
Canadian Institute of Forestry - Nova Scotia
c/o The Canadian Ecology Centre P.O Box 99, 6905 Hwy. 17 West
MATTAWA, ON P0H 1V0
Tel: (705) 744-1715
Fax: (705) 744-1716
admin@cif-ifg.org
Forestry Safety Society of Nova Scotia
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1107
Fax: (902) 895-4270
fssns@fss.ns.ca
Nova Scotia Forestry Association
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1179
Fax: (902) 893-1197
kari@nsfa.ca
Forest Products Association of Nova Scotia
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1179
Fax: (902) 893-1197
barchibald@fpans.ca
Nova Scotia Department of Labour and Advanced Education, Occupational Health and Safety Division
PO Box 697, 5151 Terminal Road
Halifax, NS B3J 2T8
Tel: (902) 424-5300
ohsdivision@novascotia.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Adult high school/secondary diploma programs
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the high school level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by the appropriate jurisdiction, for the completion of and graduation from a secondary school program of academic subject matter offered for adult learners outside of the regular secondary school program. This does not include adult compensatory education programs resulting in completion of a high school equivalency certificate or diploma.
See all institutions providing this program+
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Cumberland Campus
PO Box 550, 1 Main Street
Springhill, NS B0M 1X0
(902) 597-3737
cumberland.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus
21 Woodlawn Road
Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7
(902) 491-4900
akerley.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
burridge.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus
5685 Leeds Street
Halifax, NS B3K 2T3
(902) 491-6722
it.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries
PO Box 820, 39 Acadia Avenue
Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0
(902) 752-2002
pictou.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus
PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road
Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0
(902) 875-8640
shelburne.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
marconi.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Truro Campus
36 Arthur Street
Truro, NS B2N 1X5
(902) 893-5385
truro.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Environmental engineering technology/environmental technology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply basic engineering principles and technical skills in support of engineers and other professionals engaged in developing and using indoor and outdoor environmental pollution control systems. These programs include courses in environmental safety principles, testing and sampling procedures, laboratory techniques, instrumentation calibration, safety and protection procedures, equipment maintenance, and report preparation.
See all institutions providing this program+
Maritime Environmental Training Institute
301 Alexandra Street
Sydney, NS B1S 2E8
(902) 539-9766
training@metiatlantic.com
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Waterfront Campus & Aviation Institute
80 Mawiomi Place
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 0A5
(902) 491-1100
waterfront.info@nscc.ca
Program Name:Forest technology/technician
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the trades/college level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to assist foresters in the management and production of forest resources. These programs include courses in woods and field skills, tree identification, timber measurement, logging and timber harvesting, forest propagation and regeneration, forest firefighting, resource management, equipment operation and maintenance, record-keeping, sales and purchasing operations, and personnel supervision.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.