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Trappers and Hunters

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NOC:8442
Occupation:Trappers and Hunters
Category:Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining

About the job

Nature of work:

This group of jobs is concerned with hunting and trapping wild animals for food, pelts, live sale, and killing unwanted predators. Among other activities, trappers catch designated animals for bounty or other control programs. They also trap live animals to sell, and maintain and repair trapping equipment. Hunters skin dead animals for pelts; treat, pack, and transport pelts to processing plants or to public auctions; and maintain hunting equipment.

Job duties:
Trappers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Set traps with bait and position traps along trails.
  • Operate snowmobiles or travel on foot, snowshoes or skis to patrol trapline.
  • Remove catch and reset traps and snares.
  • Kill and skin catch for pelts, and treat and pack pelts for marketing.
  • Trap live animals for sale to buyers or for relocation purposes.
  • Maintain and repair trapping equipment.
  • Maintain trails and access to trapping lines.
  • Trap designated animals for bounty or other control programs.
  • May monitor animal population in the trapping regions to ensure future sustainability.
Hunters perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Operate boats or snowmobiles or travel on foot to reach hunting areas.
  • Kill wild animals using firearms or other weapons.
  • Skin dead animals for pelts using knives.
  • Treat, pack and transport pelts to processing plants or to public auctions.
  • Maintain hunting equipment.
  • May monitor animal population in the hunting regions to ensure future sustainability.

Trappers and hunters may specialize in trapping or hunting a particular kind of animal.

Sample job titles:
  • beaver trapper
  • fur trapper
  • game trapper
  • hunter
  • seal hunter - hunting and trapping
  • trapper
Skills:

For these jobs, you should enjoy working outdoors and being physically active. Good eyesight and health are important. You may be exposed to extreme weather conditions and varying climates. You must be alert, patient, and observant.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of trapping or hunting courses may be required in some provinces.
  • A provincial trapping or hunting licence may be required.
Other considerations:

Trappers and hunters are usually self-employed and work on a seasonal basis often involving irregular or long hours. In some jurisdictions, trappers may be allocated trapping areas based on their experience.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Undetermined

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Trappers and Hunters most commonly work part-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs may either be permanent or temporary positions, as both are common.

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Trappers and Hunters< 50N/AN/AN/A
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining14,665Decline slightly910High
Minimum: $10.85
Median: $16.00
Maximum: $31.88
Minimum: $4,009
Median: $23,520
Maximum: $87,170
Trappers and HuntersCompared to: Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
Percent employed full-time0%84%
Percent self-employed0%22%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentTrappers and HuntersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
SouthernN/Ax12%$30,581
Northern100%x16%$33,660
Cape BretonN/Ax13%$32,974
HalifaxN/Ax47%$41,209
Annapolis ValleyN/Ax13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeTrappers and HuntersCompared to: All Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% Employed% Employed
15-24xx
25-34x8%
35-44x19%
45-54x42%
55-64x26%
65+x4%
Median AgeN/A45
GenderTrappers and HuntersCompared to: Occupations in Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% Employed% Employed
Female0%15%
Male100%85%
EducationTrappers and HuntersCompared to: All Farming, Fishing, Forestry, and Mining
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/A$22,32934.0%$14,445
High school100.0%$15,03631.5%$14,229
Trades certificateN/A$23,93214.0%$19,107
College certificate or diplomaN/A$22,02614.3%$21,289
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax1.1%$17,641
Bachelor's degreeN/A$14,2014.3%$15,980
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax0.3%$17,206
Master's degreeN/Ax0.4%x
DoctorateN/Ax0.1%$10,708
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/AxN/AN/A
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources
PO Box 698
Halifax, NS B3J 2T9
Tel: (902) 424-5935
Fax: (902) 424-7735

Training Paths & Education

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Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.