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Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders

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NOC:9436
Occupation:Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders
Category:Manufacturing and Utilities

About the job

Nature of work:

Lumber graders and other wood processing inspectors and graders inspect and grade lumber, shingles, veneer, waferboard and similar wood products to identify defects, ensure conformance to company specifications and classify products according to industry standards. They are employed by sawmills, planing mills, wood treatment plants, waferboard plants and other wood processing companies.

Job duties:
Lumber graders perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Examine lumber visually for knots, holes, splits and other defects and sort for further drying, trimming or remanufacturing.
  • Measure lumber using calipers, gauges and tape measures to ensure specified thickness, length and width.
  • Classify and sort lumber according to industry standards and stamp lumber to indicate grade, wood type, moisture level and other characteristics.
  • Tally lumber.
  • Complete and maintain reports.
Other wood processing inspectors and graders perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Inspect plywood panels, veneer sheets, panelboards, shingles and similar wood products visually for knots, holes, splits, straightness and other defects.
  • Mark defects and sort for repair or reprocessing.
  • Measure wood products to ensure conformance to specifications using standard measuring instruments.
  • Grade and label wood products according to quality standards.
  • Complete and maintain inspection and grading reports
Sample job titles:
  • lumber grader
  • particleboard grader - wood processing
  • plywood inspector - wood processing
  • shingle inspector - wood processing
  • veneer and plywood grader - wood processing
  • wood processing grader
  • wood processing inspector
Skills:

To work in these jobs, you should be responsible, alert, and in good physical health. Coordination, agility, and a mechanical aptitude are important. You must also be able to take direction and carry out instructions given by a supervisor.

Job requirements:
  • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
  • On-the-job training and up to two weeks of classroom training are provided for lumber graders.
  • Lumber graders require a lumber grader's licence issued by a provincial lumber association.
Other considerations:

Previous experience as a sawmill machine operator, other wood processing operator or as a labourer in wood processing is usually required for graders and inspectors in this group. There is some mobility between employers processing similar wood products.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Undetermined

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically temporary positions (such as a term, contract, or casual work).

The median employment income for 79% of Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $40,115. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and Graders75xxx
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum:  N/A
Median: $40,024
Maximum:  N/A
Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities15,275Weak growth1,275Moderate
Minimum: $12.00
Median: $18.75
Maximum: $30.00
Minimum: $6,056
Median: $30,111
Maximum: $70,518
Lumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and GradersCompared to: Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities
Percent employed full-time93%87%
Percent self-employed0%3%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentLumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and GradersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern33%x12%$30,581
Northern40%x16%$33,660
Cape Bretonxx13%$32,974
Halifaxxx47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley13%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeLumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and GradersCompared to: All Manufacturing and Utilities
% Employed% Employed
15-2460%3%
25-34N/A5%
35-44N/A21%
45-54N/A42%
55-6440%29%
65+40%3%
Median Age4445
GenderLumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and GradersCompared to: Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities
% Employed% Employed
Female0%28%
Male100%72%
EducationLumber Graders and Other Wood Processing Inspectors and GradersCompared to: All Manufacturing and Utilities
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high school21.4%$60,55922.9%$21,011
High school50.0%$48,44738.1%$28,358
Trades certificate14.3%x12.4%$37,356
College certificate or diploma14.3%x20.3%$36,968
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax1.1%$35,915
Bachelor's degreeN/Ax4.4%$36,852
University advanced certificate or diplomaN/Ax0.3%$55,581
Master's degreeN/Ax0.5%x
DoctorateN/AxN/A$25,380
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.1%N/A
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Forestry Safety Society of Nova Scotia
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1107
Fax: (902) 895-4270
fssns@fss.ns.ca
Nova Scotia Forestry Association
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1179
Fax: (902) 893-1197
kari@nsfa.ca
Forest Products Association of Nova Scotia
PO Box 696
Truro, NS B2N 5E5
Tel: (902) 895-1179
Fax: (902) 893-1197
barchibald@fpans.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Adult high school/secondary diploma programs
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the high school level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that defines the prescribed requirements, specified by the appropriate jurisdiction, for the completion of and graduation from a secondary school program of academic subject matter offered for adult learners outside of the regular secondary school program. This does not include adult compensatory education programs resulting in completion of a high school equivalency certificate or diploma.
See all institutions providing this program+
Universite Sainte-Anne
Siège Social: 1695, Route 1
Pointe-de-l'Église, NS B0W 1M0
(902) 769-2114
Blanche.Theriault@usainteanne.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Annapolis Valley Campus
50 Elliott Road
Lawrencetown, NS B0S 1M0
(902) 825-3491
avc.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Cumberland Campus
PO Box 550, 1 Main Street
Springhill, NS B0M 1X0
(902) 597-3737
cumberland.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Akerley Campus
21 Woodlawn Road
Dartmouth, NS B2W 2R7
(902) 491-4900
akerley.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Burridge Campus
372 Pleasant Street
Yarmouth, NS B5A 2L2
(902) 742-3501
burridge.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Kingstec Campus
236 Belcher Street
Kentville, NS B4N 0A6
(902) 678-7341
kingstec.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Lunenburg Campus
75 High Street
Bridgewater, NS B4V 1V8
(902) 543-4608
lunenburg.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Institute of Technology Campus
5685 Leeds Street
Halifax, NS B3K 2T3
(902) 491-6722
it.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Pictou Campus & School of Fisheries
PO Box 820, 39 Acadia Avenue
Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0
(902) 752-2002
pictou.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Shelburne Campus
PO Box 760, 1575 Lake Road
Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0
(902) 875-8640
shelburne.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Strait Area Campus & Nautical Institute
226 Reeves Street
Port Hawkesbury, NS B9A 2A2
(902) 625-2380
strait.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Marconi Campus
PO Box 1042, 1240 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6J7
(902) 563-2450
marconi.info@nscc.ca
Nova Scotia Community College - Truro Campus
36 Arthur Street
Truro, NS B2N 1X5
(902) 893-5385
truro.info@nscc.ca
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.