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Meteorologists and Climatologists

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NOC:2114
Occupation:Meteorologists and Climatologists
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

Meteorologists and climatologists analyze and forecast weather, provide consultation on atmospheric phenomena and conduct research into the processes and phenomena of weather, climate and atmosphere. They are employed by all levels of government, natural resources and utility companies, the media and private consulting firms, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
Meteorologists and climatologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Analyze and interpret data obtained from meteorological stations, radar and satellite imagery and computer model output.
  • Produce weather forecasts and provide weather consulting services for industries such as aviation, marine, agriculture and tourism, and to the general public.
  • Disseminate weather forecasts and reports to the general public through a variety of media including radio, television, print and the Internet.
  • Conduct research and provide consultation on the processes and determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather and climate, atmospheric dispersion, and physical and chemical transformation of pollutants.
  • Develop and test mathematical computer models of weather and climate for experimental or operational use.
  • Analyze the impact of industrial projects and human activity on the climate and quality of the air and work with the social science, engineering and economic communities to develop appropriate mitigation strategies.
  • Participate in studies of the effect of weather on the environment.
  • Provide consultation and advice to outside agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information.
  • Make scientific presentations, publish reports, articles or popular texts for specialists, users or the general public.
  • May engage in the design and development of new equipment and procedures for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or for related applications.
Sample job titles:
  • agricultural meteorologist
  • air quality meteorologist
  • climatologist
  • hydrometeorologist
  • industrial meteorologist
  • meteorologist
  • weather forecaster
Skills:

The work of these individuals is detailed and precise, and often demands close concentration for long periods of time. Good judgement, initiative, and the ability to handle stressful situations are needed. You must be able to meet deadlines and communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, to supply information to users. Computer skills would be helpful.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's or master's degree in meteorology, atmospheric sciences or in a related field is required.
  • A doctoral degree is usually required for employment as a research scientist in meteorology.
  • Formal training is provided by Environment Canada for operational meteorologists employed by the federal government.
  • Membership in the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society available, but voluntary, for qualified meteorologists.
Other considerations:

None

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Undetermined

This is not a large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities may not be that frequent. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Meteorologists and Climatologists most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions.

The median employment income for 68% of Meteorologists and Climatologists who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $94,228. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Meteorologists and Climatologists105xxx
Minimum:  N/A
Median:  N/A
Maximum:  N/A
Minimum:  N/A
Median: $90,416
Maximum:  N/A
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Meteorologists and ClimatologistsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time95%94%
Percent self-employed13%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentMeteorologists and ClimatologistsCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
SouthernN/Ax12%$30,581
NorthernN/Ax16%$33,660
Cape BretonN/Ax13%$32,974
Halifax90%x47%$41,209
Annapolis Valley10%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeMeteorologists and ClimatologistsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-24N/Ax
25-3433%14%
35-4422%33%
45-5422%32%
55-6422%18%
65+N/A4%
Median Age4843
GenderMeteorologists and ClimatologistsCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female25%20%
Male75%80%
EducationMeteorologists and ClimatologistsCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax0.7%$28,107
High school15.8%x12.1%$35,125
Trades certificateN/Ax6.8%$54,923
College certificate or diplomaN/Ax33.7%$52,476
University certificate or diplomaN/Ax3.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree10.5%$53,81929.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diploma31.6%x2.0%$54,917
Master's degreeN/A$80,4769.7%$37,706
Doctorate42.1%$98,7111.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometryN/Ax0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
No regulating bodies were found under this occupation profile
Useful contacts:
Environment Canada
45 Alderney Drive
Dartmouth, NS B2Y 2N6
Tel: 902-426-7231
Fax: 902-426-6348
15th.reception@ec.gc.ca
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
PO Box 3211, Station D
Ottawa, ON K1P 6H7
Tel: (613) 990-0300
Fax: (613) 990-1617
cmos@cmos.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Atmospheric sciences and meteorology - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the scientific study of the composition and behaviour of the atmospheric envelopes surrounding the earth, the effect of earth's atmosphere on terrestrial weather, and related problems of environment and climate. These programs include courses in atmospheric chemistry and physics, atmospheric dynamics, climatology and climate change, weather simulation, weather forecasting, climate modelling and mathematical theory; and studies of specific phenomena such as clouds, weather systems, storms, and precipitation patterns.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Atmospheric sciences and meteorology - Other
Education Level:This program may be offered at the college, trades, or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program not listed above that relates to Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology.
There are no schools in Nova Scotia offering this program.
Program Name:Meteorology
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the scientific study of the prediction of atmospheric motion and climate change. These programs include courses in general circulation patterns, weather phenomena, atmospheric predictability, parameterization, numerical and statistical analysis, large-scale and meso-scale phenomena, kinematic structures, precipitation processes, and forecasting techniques.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Additional resources:

There are no additional resources for this occupation.

Work Occupation Video(s)

Meteorologist