careers.novascotia.ca

Civil Engineers

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NOC:2131
Occupation:Civil Engineers
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

Civil engineers plan, design, develop and manage projects for the construction or repair of buildings, earth structures, powerhouses, roads, airports, railways, rapid transit facilities, bridges, tunnels, canals, dams, ports and coastal installations and systems related to highway and transportation services, water distribution and sanitation. Civil engineers are employed by engineering consulting companies, in all levels of government, by construction firms and in many other industries, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
Civil engineers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Confer with clients and other members of the engineering team and conduct research to determine project requirements.
  • Plan and design major civil projects such as buildings, roads, bridges, dams, water and waste management systems and structural steel fabrications.
  • Develop construction specifications and procedures.
  • Evaluate and recommend appropriate building and construction materials.
  • Interpret, review and approve survey and civil design work.
  • Conduct field services for civil works.
  • Ensure construction plans meet guidelines and specifications of building codes and other regulations.
  • Establish and monitor construction work schedules.
  • Conduct feasibility studies, economic analyses, municipal and regional traffic studies, environmental impact studies or other investigations.
  • Monitor air, water and soil quality and develop procedures to clean up contaminated sites.
  • Conduct technical analyses of survey and field data for development of topographic, soil, hydrological or other information and prepare reports.
  • Act as project or site supervisor for land survey or construction work.
  • Prepare contract documents and review and evaluate tenders for construction projects.
  • Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers and review and approve designs, calculations and cost estimates.
Sample job titles:
  • architectural engineer
  • civil engineer
  • construction engineer
  • environmental engineer
  • geomatics engineer
  • municipal engineer
  • public works engineer
  • structural engineer
  • traffic operations engineer
  • water and sewer engineer
Skills:

To work in this field, you should be interested in planning and designing buildings, bridges, dams, roadways, and other infrastructure. Problem-solving and decision-making skills are essential. You should be persistent, curious, and able to think in an analytical and logical manner. The ability to communicate and cooperate with others is important, as engineers often work in teams. Computer skills are also needed. The occupation typically requires good near and far vision.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's degree in civil engineering or in a related engineering discipline is required.
  • A master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.
  • Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practice as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
  • Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.
  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers.
Other considerations:

Engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to practice in associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management. There is considerable mobility between civil engineering specializations at the less senior levels. Supervisory and senior positions in this group require experience.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a fairly large occupation in Nova Scotia so job opportunities occur fairly regularly. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a small percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are not expected to be a major contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Civil Engineers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions. With employment conditions being somewhat seasonal, periods of downtime or layoff throughout the year affect some workers.

The median employment income for 75% of Civil Engineers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $85,001. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Civil Engineers1,150Moderate growth115Low
Minimum: $13.50
Median: $30.00
Maximum: $52.31
Minimum: $16,372
Median: $76,920
Maximum: $128,850
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Civil EngineersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time92%94%
Percent self-employed0%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentCivil EngineersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern5%x12%$30,581
Northern10%$80,74716%$33,660
Cape Breton7%$97,93113%$32,974
Halifax71%$82,25647%$41,209
Annapolis Valley8%$73,47413%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeCivil EngineersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-245%x
25-3432%14%
35-4428%33%
45-5416%32%
55-6415%18%
65+5%4%
Median Age4543
GenderCivil EngineersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female15%20%
Male85%80%
EducationCivil EngineersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolN/Ax0.7%$28,107
High school2.0%$63,48812.1%$35,125
Trades certificate1.6%$53,7086.8%$54,923
College certificate or diploma5.6%$70,99133.7%$52,476
University certificate or diploma2.4%$73,1883.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree60.9%$80,33529.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diploma6.0%$86,8882.0%$54,917
Master's degreeN/A$76,6099.7%$37,706
Doctorate21.0%$116,0271.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry1.2%x0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Professional Engineer
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Engineers Nova Scotia
1355 Barrington Street
Halifax, NS B3J 1Y9
(888) 802-7367
(902) 423-9769
info@engineersnovascotia.ca
Useful contacts:
Consulting Engineers of Nova Scotia
PO Box 613, Station "M"
Halifax, NS B3J 2R7
Tel: (902) 461-1325
Fax: (902) 461-1321
cens@eastlink.ca
Urban Development Institute of Nova Scotia
PO Box 521 Halifax Central
Halifax, NS B3J 2R7
Tel: (902) 442-5017
Fax: (902) 431-7220
udi@udins.ca
Association of Consulting Engineering Companies Canada
130 Albert Street, Suite 420
Ottawa, ON K1P 5G4
Tel: (613) 236-0569
Fax: (613) 236-6193
info@acec.ca

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Civil engineering - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of structural, load-bearing, material moving, transportation, water resource, and material control systems; and environmental safety measures.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Engineering - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to solve a wide variety of practical problems in industry, social organization, public works, and commerce.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Environmental/environmental health engineering
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of systems for controlling contained living environments and for monitoring and controlling factors in the external natural environment, including pollution control, waste and hazardous material disposal, health and safety protection, conservation, life support, and requirements for protection of special materials and related work environments.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Mathematics - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the analysis of quantities, magnitudes, forms, and their relationships, using symbolic logic and language. These programs include courses in algebra, calculus, functional analysis, geometry, number theory, logic, topology and other mathematical specializations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Physical sciences - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the major topics, concepts, processes, and interrelationships of physical phenomena as studied in any combination of physical science disciplines.
See all institutions providing this program+
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Additional resources: