careers.novascotia.ca

Mechanical Engineers

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NOC:2132
Occupation:Mechanical Engineers
Category:Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology

About the job

Nature of work:

Mechanical engineers research, design and develop machinery and systems for heating, ventilating and air conditioning, power generation, transportation, processing and manufacturing. They also perform duties related to the evaluation, installation, operation and maintenance of mechanical systems. Mechanical engineers are employed by consulting firms, by power-generating utilities and in a wide range of manufacturing, processing and transportation industries, or they may be self-employed.

Job duties:
Mechanical engineers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • Conduct research into the feasibility, design, operation and performance of mechanisms, components and systems.
  • Plan and manage projects, and prepare material, cost and timing estimates, reports and design specifications for machinery and systems.
  • Design power plants, machines, components, tools, fixtures and equipment.
  • Analyze dynamics and vibrations of mechanical systems and structures.
  • Supervise and inspect the installation, modification and commissioning of mechanical systems at construction sites or in industrial facilities.
  • Develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs and provide guidance to industrial maintenance crews.
  • Investigate mechanical failures or unexpected maintenance problems.
  • Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for industrial construction or maintenance.
  • Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers and review and approve designs, calculations and cost estimates.
Sample job titles:
  • acoustical engineer
  • automotive engineer
  • building systems engineer
  • energy conservation engineer
  • heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) engineer
  • mechanical engineer
  • nuclear engineer
  • power plant engineer
  • refrigeration engineer
  • robotics engineer
Skills:

To work in this field, you should have an interest in the design and operation of machines and mechanical processes. Persistence, good judgement, and the ability to think analytically and logically are important. You must be able to communicate and work well with others, as engineers often work in teams. Leadership and problem-solving skills are also expected. Computer experience would be helpful.

Job requirements:
  • A bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering or in a related engineering discipline is required.
  • A master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.
  • Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practice as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
  • Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.
Other considerations:

There is considerable mobility between mechanical engineering specializations at the less senior levels. Supervisory and senior positions in this group require experience. Mechanical engineers work closely with civil, electrical, aerospace, chemical, industrial and other engineers, and mobility is possible between some fields of specialization in these disciplines. Engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to practice in associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management.

Labour Market Information

Work Prospects:Fair

The employment outlook over the next few years for this occupational group is “average”, which indicates the chances of a qualified individual finding work is comparable to the average for all occupations in Nova Scotia. This is a moderate sized occupation in Nova Scotia so some job opportunities may occur through turnover. The number employed in this occupation is expected to grow moderately over the next few years, which will likely provide some additional opportunities for employment. With a large percent of workers being 55 years of age and older, retirements are expected to be a key contributor to employment opportunities over the coming years. Mechanical Engineers most commonly work full-time hours. Furthermore, the jobs are typically permanent positions. Also, a fair portion of the workforce is self-employed, so having the option to "work for yourself" may appeal to some individuals’ interests/motivations.

The median employment income for 71% of Mechanical Engineers who worked full-time, year-round in 2015 was $85,723. Across all occupations in Nova Scotia, 59% of those who worked full-time year round had a median employment income of $43,600.
(Source: 2016 Census)

OccupationEstimated employment in 2018Estimated change in employment between 2017 and 2019Estimated openings due to growth and retirements, 2017-2019Estimated rate of unemployment in 2018 Estimated hourly earnings in 2015 (learn more)Estimated annual earnings in 2015
Mechanical Engineers765Moderate growth30Moderate
Minimum: $29.67
Median: $46.63
Maximum: $76.92
Minimum: $21,249
Median: $79,210
Maximum: $139,015
Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology25,875Strong growth3,095Low
Minimum: $17.69
Median: $31.35
Maximum: $47.18
Minimum: $13,568
Median: $60,422
Maximum: $107,009
Mechanical EngineersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
Percent employed full-time93%94%
Percent self-employed15%7%
Where will I likely work?
Area of EmploymentMechanical EngineersCompared to: All NS Occupations
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Southern4%x12%$30,581
Northern9%x16%$33,660
Cape Breton8%x13%$32,974
Halifax70%$80,57547%$41,209
Annapolis Valley9%x13%$32,958
What are the workers like?
AgeMechanical EngineersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
15-246%x
25-3436%14%
35-4427%33%
45-5416%32%
55-6410%18%
65+4%4%
Median Age4343
GenderMechanical EngineersCompared to: Occupations in Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% Employed% Employed
Female8%20%
Male92%80%
EducationMechanical EngineersCompared to: All Engineering, Math, Science, and Information Technology
% EmployedMedian Annual Income% EmployedMedian Annual Income
Less than high schoolxx0.7%$28,107
High school1.8%x12.1%$35,125
Trades certificate4.2%x6.8%$54,923
College certificate or diploma13.3%$74,96033.7%$52,476
University certificate or diploma4.8%x3.7%$52,446
Bachelor's degree51.8%$76,19429.7%$58,011
University advanced certificate or diploma6.0%$84,0002.0%$54,917
Master's degree1.2%$84,3149.7%$37,706
Doctorate10.8%x1.7%$65,565
Medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry5.4%x0.1%$57,566
Total100%100%
Wage Disclaimer

Hourly earnings data are from the Labour Force Survey by Statistics Canada. Data are not available for all occupations. Hourly earnings are calculated based on usual hours worked per week. This is how an annual salary, for instance, gets converted to an hourly rate. The data include full and part-time workers along with new and experienced workers. Self-employed workers are excluded.

Annual employment income data reported in the Work Prospects section, are from the 2011 National Household Survey by Statistics Canada. Much of the data (around 70%) came directly from tax records. The data relates to the year 2010 and includes total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Sources

Employment Requirements & Contacts

Regulations:
Professional Engineer
Right to Title and Practice:This job is regulated and the job title is protected in Nova Scotia (you may not use this job title without holding a provincial licence). A licence shows that the holder has met provincial requirements and is required to work in this job.
Regulating body:
Engineers Nova Scotia
1355 Barrington Street
Halifax, NS B3J 1Y9
(888) 802-7367
(902) 423-9769
info@engineersnovascotia.ca
Useful contacts:
Consulting Engineers of Nova Scotia
PO Box 613, Station "M"
Halifax, NS B3J 2R7
Tel: (902) 461-1325
Fax: (902) 461-1321
cens@eastlink.ca
Association of Consulting Engineering Companies Canada
130 Albert Street, Suite 420
Ottawa, ON K1P 5G4
Tel: (613) 236-0569
Fax: (613) 236-6193
info@acec.ca
Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering
PO Box 280
Merrickville, ON K0G 1N0
Tel: (613) 924-0429
csme@xplornet.com

Training Paths & Education

Program Name:Engineering - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that generally prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to solve a wide variety of practical problems in industry, social organization, public works, and commerce.
See all institutions providing this program+
Acadia University
15 University Avenue
Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6
(902) 542-2201
agi@acadiau.ca
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Dalhousie University Faculty of Agriculture
PO Box 550
Truro, NS B2N 5E3
(902) 893-6600
enrolment.services@dal.ca
Program Name:Mathematics - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any general program that focuses on the analysis of quantities, magnitudes, forms, and their relationships, using symbolic logic and language. These programs include courses in algebra, calculus, functional analysis, geometry, number theory, logic, topology and other mathematical specializations.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
University of King's College
6350 Coburg Road
Halifax, NS B3H 2A1
(902) 422-1271
admissions@ukings.ca
Mount Saint Vincent University
166 Bedford Highway
Halifax, NS B3M 2J6
(902) 457-6117
admissions@msvu.ca
St. Francis Xavier University
PO Box 5000
Antigonish, NS B2G 2W5
(902) 867-2219
admit@stfx.ca
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Mechanical engineering
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of physical systems used in manufacturing and end-product systems used for specific uses, including machine tools, jigs and other manufacturing equipment; stationary power units and appliances; engines; self-propelled vehicles; housings and containers; hydraulic and electric systems for controlling movement; and the integration of computers and remote control with operating systems.
See all institutions providing this program+
Dalhousie University
Office of the Registrar
Halifax, NS B3H 4R2
(902) 494-2450
admissions@dal.ca
Cape Breton University
PO Box 5300 1250 Grand Lake Road
Sydney, NS B1P 6L2
(888) 959-9995
registrar@cbu.ca
Program Name:Physical sciences - General
Education Level:This program is typically offered at the college or university level.
Program Description:
This instructional program class comprises any program that focuses on the major topics, concepts, processes, and interrelationships of physical phenomena as studied in any combination of physical science disciplines.
See all institutions providing this program+
Saint Mary's University
923 Robie Street
Halifax, NS B3H 3C3
(902) 420-5400
admission.status@smu.ca
Additional resources:

Work Occupation Video(s)

Mechanical Engineer